CHAPTER9 - CHAPTER 9 I. Migration: 1. History: Overall -...

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CHAPTER 9 I. Migration: 1. History: Overall - 1450 – 1870: Involuntary migrations (slaves) - Beginning of 19 th century: Voluntary migration (left Europe for America & Asian Russia) - Beginning of 20 th century: first wave of globalization restrictive migration policies - America - 1924: Immigration Act (limit Immigration) - 1965: Amendment of the Immigration and Nationality Act – increase in immigration from 250000 (1950) to 1 mill (1990) - Illegal Immigration: 10 mill in the US (half from Mexico) and 7.5 mill in Europe - Temporary “Guest workers” after WW2 s significant remittances sent back home - 1980’S: restriction in immigration, favoring only specialized workers Facts: - Migrant population 2005: Europe > Asia > North America - Countries hosting the largest number of international migrants in 2005: USA > Russian Federation > Germany - Top 3 Migrant Sending Countries: China > India > The Philippines 2. Push & Pull factor:
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Push factors (supply): Living conditions in their native countries More relevant in the decision to migrate The difference in income and wages Poverty – ambiguous role (i.e. don’t have enough money for a flight) Rural-urban migration in the same country Distance Pull factor (demand): originating in the destination country Small fraction of population aged 15-25
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CHAPTER9 - CHAPTER 9 I. Migration: 1. History: Overall -...

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