AP Gov Unit 3 - AP Gov Unit 3 1 What are the sources of and...

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AP Gov- Unit 3 1. What are the sources of and restrictions to Congressional power? a. Origins of power lie in the Constitution i. Powers that are shared and not shared b. The Great (Connecticut) Compromise i. A decision of 2 chambers-1 based on population and 1 based on Statehood 1. House-states guaranteed one member of that chamber & the remaining seats assigned as a result of a census taken every 10 years a. Now 435 seats are in the House b. Designed to reflect the will of the people; to take the pulse of the republic-what are the passions of the day c. Members are elected for 2 year terms 2. Senate-every state will have 2 members in the chamber, meant to make sure no one state gained power a. Only 1/3 of senators will be elected every 2 years b. Member are elected for 6 year terms so that they can stay away from the passion of the moment & take the long term view of what is best for the country, not the short term c. Senators will elected by the state legislatures, not by the people directly (until the 19 teens) c. 3/5 Compromise i. For every 5 slaves they are counted as 3 ‘humans’ for purposes of representation d. Duties/Powers given to Congress i. expressed or enumerated powers 1. declare war 2. 3. borrow and coin money 4. regulate interstate commerce 5. tariffs 6. create an inferior court system a. the court system that lies beneath the Supreme Court 7. naturalization of immigrants 8. Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause) ii. The power of impeachment
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a. Draw up articles of impeachment through an investigation which only takes a majority vote (House) b. Senate acts as the jury in the impeachment hearing, Supreme Court justice acts as the judge, the Senate must obtain a 2/3 vote to impeach c. Charges are based on “high crimes” and “misdemeanors” iii. The raising of revenues (House) 1. All revenue bills must be raised in the House 2. Create tax law iv. Advise and Consent powers (Senate) 1. Advise the president on potential picks for the court 2. Consent-president appoints potential members to the court, as an ambassador, as a cabinet member e. Who gets elected to Congress? i. Most white males over the age of 45 who have a background in law, business or education ii. Few working class members, minorities, few Jews, only a tiny percent of Congress members are women (between 2-8% in Senate & 12-14% in House) iii. Congress should reflect the demographics of the country 1. Descriptive representation-The legislative body should reflect exactly/closely the demographics of the country 2. Liberal spirit of equal opportunity and equal outcomes 3. Minority- majority districts would ensure more minorities would have the opportunity to be elected to office a. Overturned in Shaw v. Reno iv. Factors why we elect white males 1. Historically they dominated 2. Have to have some general wealth 3. Holding office is hard on family life (males) v. Incumbency effect 1. Since voters don’t pay much attention to politics they judge
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2010 for the course POL. SCI 1234 taught by Professor Prof.jack during the Spring '10 term at 카이스트, 한국과학기술원.

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AP Gov Unit 3 - AP Gov Unit 3 1 What are the sources of and...

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