What are the fundamental dilemmas of governance

What are the fundamental dilemmas of governance - Modern...

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Unformatted text preview: Modern dilemma-the tension between freedom & equality Order Freedom Equality munitarians lists) e in traditional order/values rust capitalism, believe that increased government regulation is necessary Liberals Believe in the redistribution of wealth (welfare state) Economic Regulation ns only exists to protect life & property a ry aspects of government are: army, fire department & police department Conservatives Allow government to protect social order & values Dont support redistribution of wealth Freedom Social Regulation ginal dilemma-the tension between freedom & order AP Gov Unit 1 What are the fundamental dilemmas of governance? o Government is different than governance 50s: civics 60s: government structure o Governance: relationship between institutions and values 1) What is the purpose of government? a) Maintain order for the purpose of protecting life and property i) Government exists to control human behavior ii) Hobbes: the purpose of government is to protect people from each other (1) Leviathan Life would be nasty, brutish and short (1651 in England during Calvinist reign) (2) Believed that a ruler must possess ultimate authority to protect rights iii) Locke: government shouldnt control everything in peoples lives (1) Government should protect the rights of its people iv) Rousseau: man is inherently good (1) Society, economic elite, corrupt man-man doesnt corrupt society v) Marx: government shouldnt protect property (1) Property corrupts society (2) People are willing to redistribute wealth to create an equal society b) Public Goods i) Public good: something that society determines is necessary ii) Distributed by the government c) Promoting equality i) Response to industrialization and urbanization ii) Often viewed as redistribution of wealth 2) How do scholars create a framework to study government? a) Heuristic model i) Use a simple model to look at a complex problem/issue ii) Create a model to develop basic order iii) Develop one or more concepts to create the model (1) Freedom (a) Freedom of: absence of constraints on human behavior (liberty) (b) Freedom from: suggest immunity from something that is undesirable (i) Freedom from exploitation and oppression (government regulation) (2) Order (a) Often seen as the protection of life and property (b) The broadest definition is the preservation of social order (i) Preservation of society and culture against threats to our social values (c) Creates conflict between sides with opposing views (Prop 8) (d) Social values change ex: recycling, end of segregation, womens rights (3) Equality Two dilemmas of governance Conflict of values have a two dimensional typology We each have our own set of values that we see the world through o Americans arent ideological o America is typically center-right in its political views 1) Conceptual frameworks a) What do we mean by democracy?...
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What are the fundamental dilemmas of governance - Modern...

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