Comparative Government-Britain - Comparative...

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Unformatted text preview: Comparative Government-Britain Lecture 1- What are the basic characteristics of Western European civilization? 1. Western Europe dominated the world for about 500 years a. Reasons for this? b. Why was Western Europe different? i. Political culture is key to understanding why regions are different c. What was the difference in the Western tradition? 2. Physical geography a. Island nations-UK & Ireland b. Iberian peninsula-Spain & Portugal (tend to be poor in economic resources compared to France & UK) c. I taly-strong area for growing of crops, some urban areas d. France-Perrines mountains and Alps (allowed Switzerland to remain neutral & other than that the land is flat) i. Flat plains-movement of troops, very easy to conquer Poland. You can move goods and ideas also. e. With exception of Switzerland and Austria all European nations have access to the sea, Greece also has easy access to the sea f. The emergence of city states and the renaissance g. Importance of rivers and the movement of goods 3. The European Nursery a. From 1500 to Present-western Europe has been the seabed for intellectual innovation (outside of the US) i. Also seen is the explosion of Europe/the west dominance of the market place. Imperialism and marketplace capitalism. Gained economic and political leadership throughout the world. ii. Time of urbanization-rise of major urban centers and the rise of capitals (political and economic for that state) iii. Economic diversification for the goods produced iv. Increasing secularization of society in morality, challenges over who has moral authority (individuality) Church doesnt have as much power as it had in the 16 th and 17 th centuries v. There is now a significant reliance on science and reason since the beginning of the renaissance b. Advantages of Europe i. Natural resources ii. Ability to produce crops that are easy to transport iii. Coal and iron ore-industrial revolution 4. Why did Western Europe develop differently than other nations? a. They were allowed to have modernization within-no single country was allowed to become dominant and no outside forces became prevalent in European culture i. Allowed to emerge city state by city state to become a larger nation states ii. Chinese and ottoman empires were ahead of Europe in development of political power and philosophy 1. Chinese government is strong within china but not elsewehere iii. Western Europe is allowed to develop slowly and a strong aristocracy is allowed to arise, the rise of feudalism & the Catholic church to create a class like system with peasants at the bottom and aristocracy at the top; only after time and trade was a middle class allowed to develop b. Religion i. Plays a prominent role during the renaissance-rebirth of classical civilization models as well as homages to images of Catholicism ii. Until protestant revolution, Catholicism was the universal religion of western Europe 1. Reformation was a direct challenge to the church hierarchy for power...
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Comparative Government-Britain - Comparative...

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