Comparative Government-Iran - Comparative Government-Iran...

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Comparative Government-Iran Lecture 1- What are the major political elements of Iran as a result of its history? - Iran has a theocratic republic-has a supreme leader, religious clerics, but the people are allowed to vote for the president, parliament, local elections o Although democratic elements there is no freedom of speech - Representative of Islamic fundamentalism-even though the government is fundamentalist, the people are more liberal - Due to the potential for the development of nuclear weapons in the region and the threats to eliminate Israel - Known as Persia until 1935, a strong sense of nationalism permeates due to its existence for millennium o Larger than Alaska, population around 20 million o Most of the country is inhospitable to agriculture, but it has natural resources vital to the modern age(10% of oil reserves, 15% of natural gas reserves) o Borders 8 countries continuous conflict over the centuries, oil and natural gas has resulted in more potential for more conflicts o 89% of population is Shiite Muslim, 10% Sunni Muslim and 1% Christians, Jews, o Persian/Farce is the official language o More than a dozen ethnic minorities exist in Iran due to invasions 1. Ancient Period a. Iran stood at the crossroads of trade i. Historically Persia was a place where you could find craftsman of metals, artists, literature, intellectuals strong national identity b. Islam comes previous to Muhammad’s conquest of the Arab world i. Islam takes roots and a struggle ensues between the Shiite and Sunni versions of Islam 1. Divide caused by question of who will become the new Caliph (oversee the religion) 2. Have an heir to Muhammad
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a. Shiites believe you must be a direct descendent of Muhammad to be a true iman- Masonic belief in the return of a hidden iman who will come at the end of time b. Clergy extend legitimacy to rulers and allows Islamic institutions to flourish. Not recognized as official state religion until 1951 c. New dynasty emerged safvid-began a process of creating a new Persian state and a more administrative state, this was destroyed in 1792 a group of Afghan tribes d. Oajar dynasty weak, can’t protect itself against colonial powers e. Sunnis believe the clerics themselves work with the state. 3. Never had a separation of church and state 2. 1921 a. Adaturk in Turkey wanted to get rid of the Arabic element of literature. Wanted to be a secular state and have a Turkish language. Turkish nationalist. i.
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Comparative Government-Iran - Comparative Government-Iran...

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