Exam_4_2009_Review

Exam_4_2009_Review - Figure 44.4b Osmoregulation in a...

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Figure 42.4 Evolution of the CS
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Figure 42.7 The mammalian heart: a closer look
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Figure 42.12 Measurement of blood pressure
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Figure 42.14 Fluid flow in capillary
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Figure 42.22 Countercurrent exchange
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Figure 42.27 Loading and unloading of respiratory gases
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Figure 42.29 Oxygen dissociation curves for hemoglobin
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Figure 43.23 Mast cells, IgE, and the allergic response
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Problems with immune system Viruses: swamp immune system with excess antigens, interferon blockers, or block complement system mimic supressor T cells (turn off response) block MHC complex, viral proteins are not expressed on cell surface Change surface antigens during infection Have long latency periods where viral DNA is hidden in host DNA
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Figure 44.4a  Osmoregulation in a saltwater fish Saltwater fish in a hypertonic environment loses water and gains salts; drinks water and excretes salts from gills (cannot form concentrated urine)
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Unformatted text preview: Figure 44.4b Osmoregulation in a freshwater fish A freshwater fish is in a hypotonic environment, and gains water and loses salt; gills reabsorb salt and kidney produces a dilute urine Figure 44.5 Water balance in two terrestrial mammals Small K. rat relies on metabolic water and concentrated urine to minimize water loss Figure 44.9 Nitrogenous wastes Figure 44.14 The nephron and collecting duct: regional functions of the transport epithelium Sex reversal in a sequential hermaphrodite female Female turned male Figure 46.13 Hormonal control of the testes Figure 46.13 The female reproductive cycle Figure 47.16 Fate of germ layers in adults Figure 47.25 Transplanted dorsal lip induces formation of secondary notochord and neural tube...
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2010 for the course BIOL 1202 taught by Professor Gregg during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Exam_4_2009_Review - Figure 44.4b Osmoregulation in a...

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