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Unformatted text preview: Goals for Chapters 29, 30- Know the major advances of true plants over green algae, and what changes occurred with a terrestrial existence- Understand the major differences in the life cycles of mosses, ferns and seed plants- Know a representative of each major group (not responsible for Phylum names)- Know the anatomy of flowers and fruits, and how flowering plants have co-evolved with animals Origin of Land Plants- 280,000 species in 4 main groups:- Bryophytes (_______, non vascular)- Pteridophytes (vascular, but seedless _____)- Gymnosperms (conifers with naked seeds)- Angiosperms (flowering plants) Figure 29.6, 29.7, Table 29.1 Evidence for Origin From Charophyceans 0. Rose-shaped cellulose-synthesizing complexes in cell wall 1. Peroxisome _________ homology 2. homologous _______ structure 3. cell division similar 4. molecular homologies Advances over Algae 5. Apical meristems (growth areas on _______ and root) 6. Multicellular, dependent embryos with maternal nutritive cells 7. Alternation of ___________ 8. Sporangia produce spores 9. Multicellular gametangia Fig. 29.5 Terrestrial Adaptations of Plants 0. Waxy cuticle limits evaporative _____ loss 1. Evolution of specialized water and nutrient transport 2. Evolution of secondary chemicals to deter herbivores Evolution of Land Plants (Fig 29.4) Bryophytes 10. All lack any type of ________ tissue, and form ground hugging carpets...
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- Spring '08