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# X conceptest 89 cart on a hill a cart starting from

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Unformatted text preview: Cart on a Hill A cart starting from rest rolls down a hill and at the bottom has a speed of 4 m/s. If the cart were given an initial push, so its initial speed at the top of the hill was 3 m/s, what would be its speed at the bottom? 1) 4 m/s 2) 5 m/s 3) 6 m/s 4) 7 m/s 5) 25 m/s ConcepTest 8.9 Cart on a Hill A cart starting from rest rolls down a hill and at the bottom has a speed of 4 m/s. If the cart were given an initial push, so its initial speed at the top of the hill was 3 m/s, what would be its speed at the bottom? 1) 4 m/s 2) 5 m/s 3) 6 m/s 4) 7 m/s 5) 25 m/s When starting from rest, the cart's PE is changed into KE: PE = KE = 1/2 m(4)2 When starting from 3 m/s, the final KE is: KEf = KEi + KE = 1/2 m(3)2 + 1/2 m(4)2 = 1/2 m(25) = 1/2 m(5)2 Speed is not the same as kinetic energy ConcepTest 8.10b Falling Balls You throw a ball straight up into the air. In addition to gravity, the ball feels a force due to air resistance. Compared to the time it takes the ball to go up, the time it takes to come back down is: 1) smaller 2) the same 3) greater ConcepTest 8.10b Falling Balls You throw...
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