8-RXROHRORHLSF07

8-RXROHRORHLSF07 - CH 2 Cl 2 (dichloromethane) = 8.9 CH 3...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alkyl Halides: R X Alcohols: R OH CH 3 CH 2 OH Ethanol Ethers: R OR Brevetoxin - neurotoxin from red tides Glucose CFCl 3 Freon 11 CFC 11 chloromethane 5 million tons released by ocean kelp,forest fires, and volcanoes CHCl 3 chloroform termites release 10 8 kg per year ClCH 3
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Alkyl Halides: R X Alcohols: R OH CH 3 CH 2 OH Ethanol CH 3 OH Methanol tert -Butanol Ethers: R OR CH 2 Cl 2 Dichloromethane CCl 4 Carbon tetrachloride Important Organic Solvents H 3 C CH 3 CH 3 O H O Et 2 O O O methyl tert- butyl ether MTBE tetrahydrofuran THF Diethyl ether
Background image of page 2
an alkyl halide an alkane Structure and Relative Polarities 1.3 1.8 CH 3 C H H H 1.7 0 H C F H H
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Intermolecular Forces CH 3 C H H H CH 3 C F H H CH 3 C O H H O C H H H H C H H H
Background image of page 4
Hydrogen bonding and Biological Molecules http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/566secprotein.html
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Classifying ROH, ROR, RX as Solvents 1.Polar or Apolar (non-polar) Dielectric constant ( ε ) is a measure of a solvents polarity= bulk property Different than Dipole moment ( μ ) = measure of an individual molecule’s polarity . HOH = 80 CH 3 OH (methanol) = 33 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 OH (butanol)= 17
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: CH 2 Cl 2 (dichloromethane) = 8.9 CH 3 CO 2 CH 2 CH 3 (ethyl acetate) = 6 CH 3 CH 2 OCH 2 CH 3 (diethyl ether) = 4.3 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 3 = 1.9 H 3 C O OH H O OH = 1.6 D = 1.7 D ! = 6.1 ! = 59 Polar >15 Apolar <15 2. Protic (H-bond donor) or Aprotic (not) 3. Donor (Lewis basic) or Nondonor (not) CH 3 C O H H H H 3 C O OH H O H Cl C Cl H H O C H H H C H H H Cl C Cl H H CH 3 C O H H O C H H H H C H H H H 3 C O OH H O H Solubility: like dissolves like Polar compound dissolves in polar solvent Nonpolar compound dissolves in nonpolar solvent in H-bonding and Water Solubility Alkanes immiscible Hydrophobic Small ROH infinitely H 2 O soluble (miscible) Hydrophilic Large ROH? Ethers? OH O acceptor only Animation Solubility of Ions (this will become important in Chpt. 9) Solvation of NaCl NaCl(s) + H 2 O Biological Applications - see 8.5...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/13/2010 for the course CHEM 151L taught by Professor Roy,christopher during the Fall '08 term at Duke.

Page1 / 10

8-RXROHRORHLSF07 - CH 2 Cl 2 (dichloromethane) = 8.9 CH 3...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online