Chapter22US - Chapter 22: The Kennedy & Johnson Years,...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Section 1: The New Frontier The Election of 1960 -Republican Richard Nixon v. Democrat John F. Kennedy. -Kennedy won by only 120,000 popular votes out of more than 34 million cast. -Kennedy entered office w/out a strong MANDATE. -A mandate is a set of wishes expressed to a candidate by his or her voters. -W/out a mandate, he would have difficulty pushing his more controviersial measures through Congress. -His administration will earn the nickname "Camelot". -Kennedy will be the youngest president to be elected. Kennedy's Domestic Programs -Known as the NEW FRONTIER, it described his proposals to improve the economy, give aid to the poor and breathe new life into the space program. The Economy -He hoped to work with the business community to restore prosperity to the nation. -He faced resistance form executives who were suspicious of his plans. -Spring 1962, U.S. Steel Company raised the price of steel by $6 a ton while other firms were doing the same. -Kennedy called the price increase unjustifiable and charged that it showed "utter contempt for the public interest." He ordered a federal investigation into the possibility of price fixing. U.S. Steel and the other companies will back down. -JFK proposed cutting taxes. In 1963, he called for a $13.5 billion cut in taxes over three years. It would reduce gov't income and create a budget deficit at first. -He believed that the extra cash in the taxpayers' wallets would stimulate the economy and bring added tax revenues in the end. -It stood little chance of passage in the Congress. Combating Poverty and Inequality -He was eager to take action against poverty and inequality. -JFK believed that direct aid to the poor was necessary. -He rarely succeeded in pushing legislation through Congress. -His ambitious plans for federal aid for education and medical care for the aged both failed. -he did find success in raising the minimum wage and passing the Housing Act of 1961. -This act provided $4.9 billion for urban renewal. -Congress also approved the TWENTY-FOURTH AMENDMENT. This amendment outlawed the poll tax, which was still being used in five southern states to keep poor African Americans from voting. The Space Program
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Chapter22US - Chapter 22: The Kennedy & Johnson Years,...

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