Chapter21US - Chapter 21: The Civil Rights Movement,...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Chapter 21: The Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1968 Section 1: Leaders and Strategies Supreme Court Plessey v Ferguson -On June 7, 1892, Homer Plessey boarded a car of the East Louisiana Railroad that was designated for use by white patrons only. -Although Plessey was born a free person and was one-eighth black and seven-eighths white, under a Louisiana law enacted in 1890, he was classified as Black, and thus required to sit in the "colored" car. -When, in an act of planned disobedience, Plessey refused to leave the white car and move to the colored car, he was arrested and jailed Brown v Board of Education Topeka, Kansas -Class action law suite against Topeka, Kansas School Board to allow black students to enter school. Thirteen plaintiffs -Brown's daughter Linda, a third grader, had to walk six blocks to her school bus stop to ride to Monroe Elementary, her segregated black school one mile (1.6 km) away, while Sumner Elementary, a white school, was seven blocks from her house. -Unanimous Supreme Court Decision -Several important civil rights organizations helped lay the foundation for the civil rights movement of the 1960s. 1. NAACP 2. CORE 3. SNCC 4. SCLC 5. National Urban League NAACP -Battling for civil rights since 1909. -An interracial group focused on working through the court system to achieve legal equality for all races. CORE
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2010 for the course USH US History taught by Professor Mize during the Spring '10 term at West Point.

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Chapter21US - Chapter 21: The Civil Rights Movement,...

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