Chapter12US - Chapter 12: The World War I Era Section 1:...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Chapter 12: The World War I Era Section 1: The Road to War On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand will visit Sarajevo, Bosnia. -The 1st assassination attempt: --A bomb thrown by a terrorist will bounce off his car into another car injuring two of his aids. -The 2nd attempt: --Gavrilo Princip, age 19, will shot and kill the archduke and his wife. Causes of World War I There were several underlying causes to the 'Great War'. -Imperialism --Rivalries within Europe over territory. -Militarism --A policy that involved aggressively building up a nation's armed forces in preparation for war. -Nationalism (Two Kinds) --Tendency for countries to act in their own national interest. (Conflict between other nation's interest.) --Countries with diverse populations. The longing of an ethnic minority for independence often led to violence. -Alliances --Bound nations to come to each other's aid in the event of an attack. The Conflict Expands -Bosnia was the focal point of a nationalist dispute between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. --Was annexed by Austria-Hungary. -On July 28, 1914, A-H declared war on Serbia. -July 29, 1914, Russia began to mobilize. -Germany demanded they stop. -France began to mobilize. -August 1st, Germany declared war on Russia. -German plan called the Schliffen Plan. --Called for a quick sweep through France to knock the French out of the war. Then turn toward Russia. --Had to pass through Belgium to get to France. --Germany will invade Belgium bringing Britain into the war on August 4. -Central Powers --Austria-Hungary and Germany. -Allies --Russia, France, Serbia, Britain. Stalemate -Experts believed the war would last only six (6) weeks. -The two sides will reach a stalemate. -Machine guns, long-range artillery will halt advances. -Germany will only get within 30 miles of Paris. -At the end of 1914, the Ottoman Empire will enter the war on the side of Germany. -Spring 1915, Italy will join the Allies.
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Sheet1 Page 2 Modern Warfare -The youth of Europe were eager for a chance of glory and to be heroic. -In the Battle of the Somme in 1916, the British will suffer some 20,000 deaths in a single day. The American Response -Most Americans opposed the Central Powers. -Saw the Germans as a people of frightening militarism and cold-blooded efficiency. -Trade strongly influenced the American position on the war. -To protect investments, President Wilson on August 4, 1914, proclaimed the U.S. a neutral country and will try to act as peacemaker. -Those with strong commercial ties to Britain urged for preparedness.
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Chapter12US - Chapter 12: The World War I Era Section 1:...

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