Unformatted text preview: The End of World War II
Task: What type of peace should be established with Germany and Japan? Why? Treatment of Germany
Nuremberg Trials (1945 – 1946) – Treatment of Japan
MacArthur supervises rebuilding of Japan - • •
• Ruling: • •
Division of Germany –
• Impact of World War II Impact of
World War II 1 War Deaths In Europe, 1939 to 1945 SOVIET UNION
__________ United Nations
United Nations – 1945
International peace-keeping organization
Task: Do you believe the United Nations is
vital to peace and security of the world
today? 2 Capitalism vs. Communism
Directions: Allows you Government Allows you
to work in
the system property.
description Allow you
to make a
your work. There are
you do. Society works
the benefits. Capitalism Communism Who Started the Cold War
“I believe that the Soviet Union started
the Cold War. America wants to bring
democracy to Eastern Europe. The
Soviet Union is preventing this! We
can’t turn our backs now! Stalin cannot
be trusted. At the Yalta Conference, he
promised to allow free elections in
Poland and other Eastern European
nations. It seems as if he is backing
away from his promise. Communism
needs to be stopped now before it
spreads!” Soviet Viewpoint
“The United States is responsible for
starting this “war.” The Soviet Union
possesses the right to control Eastern
Europe. Just like the U.S. controls Latin
America through the Monroe Doctrine
and Roosevelt Corollary, we have the
right to influence Eastern Europe. The
U.S. cannot be trusted! After all, they
promised to invade France, but waited
too long. As a result, many Russians
died. They also refuse to share the
secrets of the atomic bomb!” Task: Who do you think started the Cold War? Why do you believe that? 3 The Iron Curtain Descends
1) Soviets refused to allow free elections in
2) U.S. refused to share the secrets of the atomic
• Stalin refused to withdraw troops from
• He put Communist in power in Eastern
• Travel, trade, and communication with the
western world was stopped.
“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the
Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across
- Winston Churchill
Task: Why did Churchill call it an “iron curtain?” Containment
America announces the policy of: CONTAINMENT Truman Doctrine – 1947
•Truman became worried about the spread of
Communism in Eastern Europe.
•He announced the policy of containment.
• “I believe that it must be the policy of
the U.S. to support free peoples who
are resisting attempted subjugation
by armed minorities or by outside
pressures….We must assist free
peoples to work out their own
destinies in their own way….Our help
should primarily be through
economic and financial aid which is
essential to economic stability and
orderly political processes.”
- Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan - 1948
•Poor and desperate countries were the most likely candidates to fall to communism.
Task: Do you think the Marshall plan is a good idea? Why? 4 Nations In The Marshall Plan, 1948 The Berlin Airlift
•The Allies couldn’t agree on what to do with Germany.
•Instead of 4 zones, now only 2!
•West Germany –
•East Germany –
•Stalin blockades West Berlin, cutting off food and
supplies. He hoped the Allies would give up West Berlin.
• •Stalin, feeling defeated, gives up
Task: How’s the temperature of the
Cold War doing? Draw in the
temperature in Fahrenheit. 5 NATO and the Warsaw Pact
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949) –
• Task: Create a definition for collective security. Warsaw Pact –
Task: How’s the temperature of the Cold
War doing? Draw in the temperature in
Fahrenheit. The Atomic Threat
“We have evidence that within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the USSR.”
•Americans feared suffering the same fate as the residents of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. - Harry S Truman Task: How’s
of the Cold
•Truman created the Federal Civil Defense Administration to
create posters and information on how to survive a nuclear
Draw in the
•Truman approves the development of a more powerful bomb – Fahrenheit.
the hydrogen bomb.
• 6 The Atomic Threat Containment In Asia
•China was a democracy, but it was unstable.
•Warlords controlled come parts; communists controlled some
The Korean War •
•After World War II, it was divided:
•The North =
•The South =
•President Truman uses emergency powers to order troops
to protect South Korea from falling to the Communists.
• 7 The Korean War
Task: What policy was the United
•Communist China assists North
Korea, pushes U.S./U.N. forces back
across the 38th parallel. 38th Parallel •General MacArthur believed the
U.S. should remove the Communist
•The war is at a standstill. The war
ends with everything staying as it
did before the war. The Korean War Ends
•The Korean War becomes a major topic in the 1952 election.
•“Ike” promises to get US troops home and end the war.
•July 27, 1953 Korea is divided into two nations at the 38th parallel.
U.S. Battle Deaths Other Deaths Wounds not Fatal 5,720,000 33,652 3,262 103,284 Task: What did this war accomplish?
Task: Why did this conflict become known as the “Forgotten
War”? Task: How’s the
temperature of the
Cold War doing?
Draw in the
in Fahrenheit. Task: Assess how the Korean War marked a change in the U.S.
policy of Containment. 8 Red Scare Revisited
The Loyalty Program –
•Soviet spies were working in the U.S. (They helped get atomic secrets)
•Republicans demanded a more stringent policy regarding Communist
House Un-American Activities Committee –
•Because movies influenced the public, they wanted to make sure they weren’t
sending Communist messages.
• The Cold War “Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?”
Hollywood Ten –
•Hollywood writers, directors, actors and producers were asked to
testify before HUAC.
•They were accused of having radical political associations.
•Those who used the 5th Amendment were found guilty.
•Those who questioned the validity of HUAC were found guilty.
•Many of Hollywood’s finest were blacklisted including:
of the Cold
Draw in the
Fahrenheit. 9 The Cold War
Task: Explain what is happening in
this cartoon? Task: What is happening to people’s
civil rights in this cartoon? To Spy Or Not To Spy •Government official under FDR
• •Known members of the Communist Party.
• Task: Can you name this man who
built his political career hunting
Communists for HUAC?
_______________________________ 10 McCarthyism
Senator Joseph McCarthy (R – Wisconsin)
“I have here in my hand a list of 205 people who were
known to the secretary of state as being members of the
Communist Party who, nevertheless, are still working and
shaping policy at the State Department.”
•The number of Communists on the list constantly
•He went on a massive hunt for Communists.
•Secretary of State George Marshall (known for what?
•Democrats, tired of McCarthy, wanted the Army hearing televised.
• The Arms Race 1945 – Explodes 1st atomic bomb. 1949 – Explodes 1st atomic bomb. 1952 – Explodes 1st Hydrogen bomb 1953 – Explodes 1st Hydrogen Bomb 1955 – Begins building ICBMs 1954 – Begins building ICBMs. Task:
a) Identify one word to describe the Cold War at this point.
b) How’s the temperature of the Cold War doing? Draw in
the temperature in Fahrenheit. 11 The Military - Industrial Complex WARNING!!!! WARNING!!!! WARNING!!!!
Task: What happens to industries in America when
America is at war? •Eisenhower warned America of the military-industrial complex.
Task: Is this a good thing or a bad thing for America? Why? 12 ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/13/2010 for the course USH US History taught by Professor Mize during the Spring '10 term at West Point.
- Spring '10