AP Psychology.docx - Intro to Psychology PEOPLE Wilhelm Wundt first psychology lab founded STRUCTURALISM E.B Titchener student of Wundt continued study

AP Psychology.docx - Intro to Psychology PEOPLE Wilhelm...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 34 pages.

Intro to PsychologyPEOPLE:+Wilhelm Wundt: first psychology lab, founded STRUCTURALISM+E.B. Titchener: student of Wundt, continued study of STURCTURALISM+William James: student of Wundt, founded FUNCTIONALISM+Mary Calkins: researched memory, first woman president of APA+Margaret Floy Washburn: first woman to get PhD, published “Animal Mind”+Ivan Pavlov: BEHAVIORIST, Pavlov’s dogs and classical conditioning+Sigmund Freud: founded PSYCHODYANIMIC school+Jean Piaget: CONGITIVE SCHOOL, cognitive development through childhood+Plato: said brain is the seat of mental processes+Aristotle: said heart is the seat of mental processes+John Locke: insisted the mind is a “blank slate” at birth (TABULA RASA)+Rene Descartes: proposed mind-body interaction, doctrine of innate ideas+Charles Darwin: theory of evolution, “survival of fittest”; influenced psychology+Stanley Milgram: controversially ethical experiment; applied shocks, deception+John B. Watson: BEHAVIORIST; Baby Albert+Carney Landis: controversially ethical experiment; emotional reaction study+Phil Zimbardo: controversially ethical experiment; Stanford prison studyDEFINING PSYCHOLOGY+Psychology: the scientific study of behavior and mental processes+SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: -STRUCTURALISM: early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind-broke down immediate experiences, sensations, past memories, feelings-founded by WILHELM WUNDT-continued by E. B. TITCHENER-FUNCTIONALISM: school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable us to adapt, survive and flourish-looked for USEFULNESS of a situation; collective purpose of an experience-founded by WILLIAM JAMES-influenced by CHARLES DARWIN “On the Origin of Species”-PSYCHOANALYSIS: school of thought emphasizing the unconscious drives, sex and aggression, and the impact of early childhood on the psyche-became PSYCHODYNAMIC perspective-SIGMUND FREUD-BEHAVIORISM: school of thought that believed psychology should be an objective science that studied behavior without reference to mental processes-focus on observable, measurable behavior-JOHN WATSON, IVAN PAVLOV, B. F. SKINNER-GESTALT: outgrowth of functionalism, outlook focused on the human tendency to perceive patterns and make a “whole” picture out of pieces-humans tend to want to make sense of the world-FRITZ PERLS, MAX WETHEIMER-HUMANISTIC: school of thought emphasizing the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for growth-self-actualization, people have the desire to reach full potential-focus on acceptance and love, the here and now-CARL ROGERS, ABRAHAM MASLOW-COGNITIVE: school of thought studying brain activities linked with cognition, inc. perception, thinking, memory and language-importance of thoughts and thought processes-outgrowth of BEHAVIORISM-JEAN PIAGET, ALBERT ELLIS, AARON BECK-NEUROSCIENCE: study of the brain-EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY: how behaviors are adaptive and help an organism survive-BEHAVIORAL GENETICS
Background image
Image of page 2

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture