overhead9_607r -Meds

overhead9_607r -Meds - Alcohol, the antidepressant? Brandy...

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MEDICINAL USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS The Drug Revolution Animal models of drug effects Punished Responding: Approach - Avoidance Conflict Milk-maze Delayed Responding Antipsychotic Drugs (3 eras) “Typicals” 1950-1970's Phenothiazines: e.g., chlorpromazine, side effects, toxicity 1970-1990's Butyrophenones: haloperidol, side effects, toxicity Atypicals” 1990's-present : Clozapine, Risperidone, Olanzapine Antidepressant Drugs (3 eras) (1950s-1970s) MAOI’s (monoamines: dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin ) (1970-1980s) Tricyclics (norepinephrine, serotonin) (1980s present) SSRI’s (serotonin) Common vs. specific features of antidepressant drugs Zoloft - social phobia; Paxil- panic disorder; Luvox- OCD
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Unformatted text preview: Alcohol, the antidepressant? Brandy and bereavement Drug discrimination study Side effects of SSRIs - decreased libido, anhedonia, abulia Anti-anxiety Drugs Barbiturates - Addiction, toxicity Benzodiazepines - long-acting (Valium), short-acting (Xanax) Beta-blockers & treatment of anticipatory-reactive anxiety (panic) Non-benzodiazepine anti-anxiety drugs - Buspirone (Buspar) Non-benzodiazepine sedative hypnotics - Zopiclone (Imovane) Anti-addiction Drugs Antabuse and alcoholism: The dilemma non-compliance Methadone Naltrexone: Anti-craving drug (for alcoholics) - promise and findings Bupropion: The anti-smoking drug - promise and findings...
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