CWL STUDY GUIDE

CWL STUDY GUIDE - CWL STUDY GUIDE Themes/Terms THEMES:...

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Unformatted text preview: CWL STUDY GUIDE Themes/Terms THEMES: Strength, temptations, journey, Monstrosity o mode of demonization o-monsters are deformations of natural order o-monsters are not entitled to the same rights as humans o-describing others as monsters absolves us of our obligations toward fellow human beings o Monstosity In the Odyssey o Monster is a metaphor for cultural, racial, religious other o Difference justifies a double standard o We have more rights (or interests) than obligations, but they have more obligations and almost no rights o Story of the return of Odyssey (long journey) of Trojan war o From ithica o Lasted 10 years o Ended in triumph o Book 9 relates many adventures Story of Cyclops Got him drunk stabbed in the eye nobody Themes: Strength, temptations, journey Marvels of the East: Rudolf Wittkower Monsters in European Imagination Chronological asset of history view of monsters History of superstition and of monsters Located monsters in India Greek notion of Indian monsters lasted until the 17 th century Travelers and scholars (Herodotus) Megasthenes, et all.)mixed fact of fiction Authority of tradition perpetuates misconceptions Herodatos father of history Marvels of the East determined the western idea of India for almost two thousand years, and made their way into natural science and geography, encyclopedias and cosmographies, romances and history, into maps, miniatures and sculptures. Greeks were responsible for Western conception of India India became stamped as the land of Marvels Early travelers to the East (Africa, India, Asia) reported different races of men. Pliny, Solinus, and other Greeks made the first reports. They were later "verified" by later travelers such as Marco Polo and Sir John Mandeville. These creatures were often placed as decoration on old maps. Sources of Indian Monsters Indian mythology o When Greeks meet with Indians they borrow ideas o Greek mythology o Visual arts Greek/Indian art perpetuates visual of monsters o Observation perception shapes perception Eye witness accounts People go see monsters Preconception shapes perception Test of beliefs Confusion of mythological creature dinosaurs as a unicorn because people already have a preconceived perception of what a unicorn looks like so it becomes an eye-witnessing perception o People translate rhino into a unicorn o Example of development of human cognition of the world Worldview o A particular (individual or collective) conception or idea of the world based on certain views and interests and always centered on the person or group holding that idea. It not only tells us what the world looks like from a certain perspective, but also tells about values, biases, interests, and modes of thought of those who construct it....
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CWL STUDY GUIDE - CWL STUDY GUIDE Themes/Terms THEMES:...

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