Chapter 11 Review - Chapter 11: Supporting Your Claims...

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Chapter 11: Supporting Your Claims Evidence is information that you gather from your research and present to an audience in your speech to support your claim. It can help you explore your subjects main qualities and characteristics It can give you a means to discuss your subjects purpose and significance It can elucidate your subjects history and its influence on society It can provide you with the support needed to make a claim about your subject Types of Evidence There are 8 types of evidence Although every form of evidence has its strengths, they each also have their weaknesses. Using Explanatory Evidence An explanation is a statement or group of statements that addresses how or why something occurs. Explanatory evidence can clarify your subject by analyzing such things as its historical evolution, its main components and their functions, or its primary causes and effects You can either go into major detail or have simply have one major statement. Either way, your explanation should not just state your point, but should explicate it by offering an analysis of its main characteristics or component parts. Focus on the major points of your claim. Don’t focus on minor points that could make your arguments seem complicated and abstract, and use an example if necessary. There are three types of explanation… Comparison, division, and interpretation. Comparison A comparative explanation identifies the similarities and differences between two ideas or objects. Comparative explanations are usually made when you compare something new to something old, something unique to something typical, or two ideas or objects that are not obviously different. Other forms of comparison are metaphors, similes, and analogies. When making a comparison, first look at general similarities and differences between two entities, and then focus on comparing and contrasting some of their more specific characteristics…state the main difference and than compare specific characteristics like how each group views the legal system, mass media, etc… Division An explanation by division is made by breaking down a subject and analyzing its various parts or types. When distinguishing your subjects main part, you need to explain how each part functions individually and then in combination so that the whole can be understood more fully…first explain what various things have in common and
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Chapter 11: Supporting Your Claims then make clear the characteristics that make each type unique…you can also reverse this process Use division when exploring a complex social issue, a large government agency, or a complicated scientific notation.
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Chapter 11 Review - Chapter 11: Supporting Your Claims...

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