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IPA - LING/AIS 210 Spring 2008 International Phonetic...

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LING/AIS 210 – Spring 2008 International Phonetic Alphabet supplement Page 1 of 4 This is intended to be used as a reference for students as we use the International Phonetic Alphabet in this class. Please note that there are many variations of IPA that may be used by different authors and organizations, and we will see many different ‘dialects’ of the IPA this term. This handout uses on common ‘dialect’ of IPA, which I hope will be useful. Table 1: Commonly used consonants (where two consonants appear in the same cell, the leftmost is voiceless, the rightmost is voiced). Examples of English words containing these sounds (if they are found in English) can be found in Table 3 below . bilabial labiovelar labiodental interdental alveolar alveopalatal palatal velar glottal Stop p b t d k  ( or ’ ) Affricate c  j ( or t d ) Fricative f v   s z s z ( or   ) x  h Nasal m n ( or n ) Liquid (retroflex) r Liquid (lateral) l Glide w j ( or y ) Table 2: Commonly used vowels (note that all of the back vowels except [a] are also round, and none of the other vowels on this chart are round). The vowels [i, e, u, o] are tense, while the other non-low vowels are lax. The low vowels may be either tense or lax, depending upon the situation. Examples of American English words containing these sounds (if they are found in English) can be found in Table 4 below . Front Central Back High i u Mid e o Low æ a American English Diphthongs: [aj] as in ‘buy’; [oj] as in ‘boy’, [ow] as in ‘bow’ (the verb) Table 3: IPA symbols for consonants of English, with examples of English words.
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