Wk 7A Gender - Gender: the social construction of male and...

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Gender: the social construction of male and female Week 7: February 25, 2008
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Topics for today Sex vs. gender Gender categories Gender roles Gender stereotypes Gender and sexuality Patriarchy Gendered problems: poverty and violence
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Social differentiation Individuals in society are differentiated: divided into groups All are members of more than one group Gender is one form of social differentiation found in all societies
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Categories of Social Differentiation Family membership Gender Age Occupation Skin color Wealth Language/dialect Ethnic Group Membership Participation in Sports/Band/Scholastic activities/ dress
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Defining the Gendered Self The Gendered Self -- What it means to be male or female Teaching and learning gender roles How many genders are there?
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What is gender? Sex vs. Gender Concepts often conflated Sex is a biological category Gender is a social construct Men and women are biologically different How we understand that difference, the attributes and meanings we assign to it, are social/cultural
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Gender : socially constructed norms, ideas, and practices about masculinity and femininity that can change between groups. Biological sex : physical differences between women and men (e.g. different reproductive organs, chromosomes, hormones, body size and type, etc).
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Gender as a Culturally Constructed Category A form of identification and social differentiation Historically constituted Socially Constructed Normative: assumed to be natural or representative of the true, correct, or right state of affairs. Can serve as an important index of inequality in society
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Key Concepts Sex-Gender Gender identity Gender binary Gender assignment Bio-reductivism Hetero-normativity Gender fixity and fluidity Gender essentialism
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The idea that there are only two genders (male and female) and that they embody distinct, but complimentary roles in society. Gender binary Gender Stereotypes
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Begins at birth, or in some cases before birth Involves the social reinforcement (or the daily reiteration) of particular gendered behaviors and attributes for males and females Continues for our entire lifespan Can work to discipline gendered behavior. E.g. “Be a man” or “Act like a lady.”
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This note was uploaded on 05/15/2010 for the course ANT 302 taught by Professor Seriff during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Wk 7A Gender - Gender: the social construction of male and...

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