Wk 10A Modes of Production

Wk 10A Modes of Production - Wk. 10A: The Meaning of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Wk. 10A: The Meaning of Progress II Modes of Production: Why are Simpler Societies Disappearing?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Moral Dilemma:How do we perceive the small-scale societies--and urban poor-- around today? Do we assume that human beings chose to abandon a nomadic hunting gathering way of life because they discovered better ways of living? And do we assume that the few existing small scale societies are remnants of an inferior way of life and that, given the opportunity, they would jump at the chance to adopt modern farming, wage labor and urban life styles? Do we assume that we can explain the division of wealth in the world in terms of those who have progressed and those who haven’t? Or is the concept of progress-- a steady advance from life dependent on whims of nature to life where we control nature--a fabrication of contemporary societies based on an ethnocentric view of technological superiority?
Background image of page 2
    Review: Cultural Construction of the Idea of  Progress I: Linear Time Time flows in one direction  Cultures evolve over time from the  simple to the complex “Primitive” cultures remain at a stage  similar to the earliest humans
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
    Cultural Construction of Progress II:  Technological Development Assumption that cultures that are  technologically complex are equally  complex in other arenas Assumption that communities choose to  change from one type of subsistence  strategy to another because it makes life  more efficient and satisfying.
Background image of page 4
    Cultural Construction of Progress  III:  Correlates of technological development » Intensification of production » Permanent settlements » Growth in population density (urbanization) » Occupational specialization » Social classes or castes » Political centralization » Literacy
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
    Attitudes towards progress Ethnocentric:   our culture represents the most advanced way of life  and should be emulated by all people Nostalgic (or Primitivist):   our culture is overly complex, and simpler ways of life are  more satisfying Relativistic : all cultures have progressed in different ways, according to  different values, histories, and relations of power
Background image of page 6
Are Technologically Advanced Societies More Efficient? More Satisfying? Ju/wasi (!Kung) Hunting and gathering economy Self-sufficient, small- scale, mobile Have means to meet desired ends Devote less time to subsistence than agriculturalists
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Economics v. Economic anthropology Economics Studies production , exchange (distribution ) , and consumption . Tends to focus on “modernized”,
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/15/2010 for the course ANT 302 taught by Professor Seriff during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 51

Wk 10A Modes of Production - Wk. 10A: The Meaning of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online