Lecture7 - American Economic History ECN111B Unhealthy...

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http://ucdavis.econclasses.org/ECN111B glbrinkley@ucdavis.edu American Economic History – ECN111B Unhealthy South Lecture 7
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What Do We Need to Explain? n Southern income pattern n Falls during the 1860s n Constant during 1880-1910 n Rising during the 1910s n Spatial pattern of income n Clay soils had no productivity decline. n Sandy soil had decline in productivity in 1860s. n Sandy soil had increase in productivity in 1910s. n There was a linear relationship between soil particle size and income--larger particle size corresponds to both the largest decline and recovery of income.
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What Do We Need to Explain? n Racial pattern of income n African-Americans exhibit greater productivity (1850-1910). n In the 1860s income decline was larger among white farmers. n In the 1910s income increase was larger among white farmers.
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Southern Migration n Why big migration beginning in late 1910s? n How does migration influence productivity? -2000 -1500 -1000 -500 0 500 Migration in Thousands 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s Native Whites African-Americans
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Boll Weevil n The spread of the Boll Weevil. n Southern Texas infested with boll weevil, 1892. n The constant spread of boll weevil into upper South. n By 1920 it had completely covered the South. n The largest area covered between 1910 and 1920. n The weevil destroyed approximately half the cotton crop. n
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Lecture7 - American Economic History ECN111B Unhealthy...

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