week9 final - Final Project Comprehensive Argument Analysis...

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Final Project Comprehensive Argument Analysis Axia College Material Appendix E Critical Analysis Forms Fill out one form for each source. Source 1 Title and Citation: Barker, Dan. "Religion Is Not Essential to America." Opposing Viewpoints: American Values . Ed. Mary E. Williams. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center . Gale. Apollo Library-Univ of Phoenix. 2 May. 2010 <http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/ovrc/infomark.do? 1 Identify the principal issue presented by the source. The principal issue in this source is that America was founded on secular principles and not on the belief in God. 2 Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. The whole tone of the essay is biased; some examples expressed by the author are that America has never been a Christian nation, but rather a free nation. Another biased example is the constant quotes presented by the author expressing that “We are not governed by the Declaration, rather its purpose was to ‘dissolve the political bands,’ not to set up a religious nation.” These are biased statements because not everyone would agree with that and the author does not provide concrete evidence that these statements are true. 3 Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. One area of the essay says, “America has never been a Christian nation. We are a free nation.” These ideas are vague. If America has never been a Christian nation, then what kind of nation was America all this time? It states we are a free nation, which is in present tense, so what was America before? What constitutes as free in the second sentence? Is it free of Christians or all religions? Why cannot America be free even if America was a Christian nation. The sentences are vague and I cannot answer my own questions, thus I determined this area vague. 4 Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning.
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Yes, I believe the source is credible. The source comes from the Freedom from Religion Foundation, Inc. and the information provided is credible with proper citations and supportive viewpoints. 5 Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. The rhetorical device that I have found is one using scare tactics. The author says, “Ignoring history, law and fairness, many fanatics are working vigorously to turn America into a Christian nation. Fundamentalist Protestants and right-wing Catholics would impose their narrow morality on the rest of us, resisting women’s rights, freedom for religious minorities and unbelievers, gay and lesbian rights, and civil rights for all. History shows us that only harm comes of uniting church and state.” The author’s words are used to scare people into believing that if state and church were together then only
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week9 final - Final Project Comprehensive Argument Analysis...

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