Lecture Outline_Flowering Plant Body

Lecture Outline_Flowering Plant Body - BIS1C Lectures 1 & 2...

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BIS1C Lectures 1 & 2 September 29 and 30, 2008 Professor Sharman O’Neill 1 The Flowering Plant Body I. INTRODUCTION BIS1C covers four groups of organisms that have the common feature of having cells with walls in addition to cellular membranes: 1. Plants 2. Fungi 3. Cyanobacteria 4. Algae First part of this course covers the "Plants." We will begin with the most familiar of the plants, namely the “Flowering Plant.” Flowering plants are the most recently evolved plant group. A. Taxonomy 1. Traditional Linnaean classification system based on nonphylogenetic relationships: Kingdom Plantae Division (Phylum) Anthophyta (Angiosperms; most advanced) Class: Monocotyledons Class: Dicotyledons 2. Classification system based on evolutionary relationships (phylogeny): Domain Eukarya Kingdom Plantae Group: Angiosperms Basal Angiosperm Group Core Angiosperm Groups Clade: Magnoliids Clade: Monocots C l a d e : E u d i c o t s See example of Vanilla planifolia in the PowerPoint lecture slides as would be listed today in NIH’s NCBI GenBank that follows the “International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.” B. Angiosperms 1) Most important to man for: food shelter paper fiber pharmaceuticals 2) Largest plant group: ~257,000 species, 14,000 genera 3) Two major classes (two of core angiosperms) that differ in many traits:
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BIS1C Lectures 1 & 2 September 29 and 30, 2008 Professor Sharman O’Neill 2 a.) Eudicots (“Dicots” in older system and still a term that we use today) Dicotyledons (AKA Dicots): ~170,000 spp. Ex.:
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2010 for the course BIO BIS 1C taught by Professor Oneill during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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Lecture Outline_Flowering Plant Body - BIS1C Lectures 1 & 2...

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