Infant - What's it like to be an infant? A pile of 2 month...

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1 What’s it like to be an infant? A pile of 2 month olds What is it like to be an infant? Earliest capacities Mechanisms of change Earliest Capacities The world of the infant: “A buzzing blooming confusion?” or “The precocious infant” What do we come prepared to perceive? What must we learn?
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2 Research Methods with Infants Perception and Contingency Learning Trial One • Measure length of time infant looks at screen Habituation - Dishabituation • Infant habituates to initial stimuli • Ceases to find it interesting (gets bored!) • IF the infant looks longer at the new stimuli • THEN – Remembers the initial stimuli AND – Notices a differences with the new stimuli
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3 Trial Two • Measure how long infant looks at each of two images
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4 Preference • If a bunch of infants look longer at one image than the other – They can tell the difference between them – They prefer one to the other • Infants generally prefer NOVEL stimuli - therefore, can test memory, discrimination Trial Three • Teach infant to expect a reward and measure ‘anticipation’
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Infant - What's it like to be an infant? A pile of 2 month...

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