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Unformatted text preview: Walid Matariyeh Unit 4 Cellular Reproduction (Chapters 11-12)- Chapter 1 Cellular Reproduction o Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction Sexual Reproduction Includes only gamete cells and occurs through meiotic cell division Asexual Reproduction Reproduction in which offspring are formed from a single parent o Occurs mainly in single celled organisms (i.e. bacteria) o Prokaryotic (Binary Fission) and Eukaryotic Cell division Binary Fission When a cell splits in two Eukaryotic cell division Usually a eukaryotic cell cycle is more complex than the prokaryotic cell cycle Two different types of cell division in Eukaryotic Cells o Meiosis Prerequisite for sexual reproduction Occurs in ovaries and testes End result are gametes GAMETES: eggs or sperm offspring as a result of meiosis o Gametes carry half of all genetic material o Mitosis Consists of nuclear division followed by cytoplasmic division Most eukaryotic cells spend most of their time in the interphase, preparing for cell division o Chromatin vs. Chromosomes Chromosomes Have the genetic information of a cell Chromatid The sister chromosomes which are identical and are duplicates of the original chromosome o Diploid vs. Haploid Cells Diploid Cells with pairs of homologous chromosomes Haploid Cells that contain only one type of each chromosome...
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