Notes 9-14 - The Classical Tradition: Greece & Rome 2...

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The Classical Tradition: Greece & Rome Notes 2 007 August 22 2007 Iliad Background Topic of poem (what, why, where) -Story of the Trojan War, contains 2 weeks of events, The Iliad is about the wrath of Achilles . We find out how his anger changes in 24 books. Setting: llion (the name of the city called Troy) Region (Troad or Troy), city (Ilion), citadel (Pergamon) -Apollo likes to guard at Pergamon -A citadel is a raised piece of land that is hard to reach which is why it’s used as a defensive idea. People have to climb up a hill to reach it; soldiers can throw rocks and arrows at the approaching enemy. A citadel is also where the elite would live. Laborers tend to live on the fields. Oral Poetry- Parry and Lord; Serbo-Croatian epic in Yugoslavia -Sang instead of writing their poems -Parry came first at the end of the 19th century then followed by Lord in 20th century. -All singing used the same technique but with different viewpoints -epithets= a set of rhythm -The Epic Cycle = Songs about the Trojan War Mythical Background (Cypria) Cyprius (island that the Greek knew well) Associated with Aphrodite Marriage of Peleus (human being) and Thetis (sea goddess) -Achilles is the son of Peleus Apple of Eris (Discord) -Eris wasn’t invited so she makes a golden apple and writes on it “to the most beautiful”. She rolls the apple where the gods and goddess are in hopes of causing them problems. Goddesses argued on who gets the apple mainly: Page 1 of 26 AG
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Notes 2 007 Judgment of Paris -Hera, Athena & Aphrodite go to Paris so that he decides who is the most beautiful among them. 1. Hera says to him “I’ll make you the most powerful king on Earth.” 2. Athena says “I’ll make you the most clever general that has ever lived.” 3. Aphrodite says “I’ll get you the most beautiful woman on your bed.” -Aphrodite was the winner. She told him that she could give her Helen but the catch was that he had to steal her from her husband. Theft of Helen -He steals her along with a lot of gold. Oath of the Greek kings (Oath of Tyndareus) *Note: Tyndareus is the King of Sparta -Whoever marries his daughter Helen automatically becomes his heir. -Because of the oath if anyone takes Helen away they are obligated to get her back. -Erotic romance ends in violence. August 24 2007 The Iliad Curse of Chryses (Priest of Apollo), theft of Chryseis -Chryses’s daughter chryseis is taken by Achaians and he wants to get his daughter back from Agamemnon. Chryses goes to the Achaian camp and requests his daughter back. Agamemnon’s response to Chryses -He refuses and tells him if he doesn’t leave he will make him angry. Apollo, plague god
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course CLAS 220 taught by Professor Freeble during the Fall '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

  • Fall '07
  • freeble
  • The Iliad, Humanity, War, Eating, Armor, Achilles, Agamemnon, Priam, Thetis, Paris, Andromache, Apollo, Astyanax, Athena, Briseis, Chryseis, Diomedes, Helen, Hera, Nestor, Odysseus, Poseidon, Sarpedon, Thersites, Zeus, Book 1, Book 2, Book 6, Book 9

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Notes 9-14 - The Classical Tradition: Greece & Rome 2...

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