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ALD Midterm 2 Review - Review Social Development o Erikson...

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Review Social Development o Erikson Follower of Freud Erikson’s Stages -Psychosocial stages, play stages Psychosocial Stages o Infants –  o Toddlers -  Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt o Preschoolers – o School age – industry vs. inferiority Play stages o Younger children – play with their own body, experience  sensory motor skills  Autocosmic play o Playing with toys Microsphere play o Playing with others – have a shared idea Macrosphere o Infant anxiety 2 types Stranger o Fear of others Separation  o Fear when children are not with their children o Types of social play (R&T play, superhero) Rough and Tumble Play Characterized by running, wrestling, kicking, chasing, etc  Teachers and parents believe to stop that play Researchers intend to encourage play o Promotes friendships and social skills Superhero Play  o Negative social relations (including bullying) Bullying Gender differences  The role of the teacher o They must intervene o Children believe they are condoned to bullying if not intervene o Sociometrics (ratings)
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Weighted by peers Find out who is popular, neglected, controversial, etc Teachers, researchers, and others involved in children guided play can  perform the ratings of the children Curriculum and play o Common elements of play – based curriculum  Modified open plan design Play centers modified and separated from one another Sectioned by dividers, tables, shelves Help children recognized what activities they can do in certain play  centers
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  • Spring '08
  • Reifel
  • Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Playground, game play Children, toys Microsphere play, skills Superhero Play

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