{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

UGA 2150 L5 - Xunzi - UGA 2150 Lecture 5 1 Xunzi(Xnz u...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 1 Xunzi ( Xúnz ǐ u ) Background - Xún Kùang ú ° (ca. 310? to 225? BC) Successful minister Intellectually influential Ji xia Academy ú ° in state of Qi ú His form of Ru ú   thought influential in Han ú dynasty - Teacher of Li Si ú ° , political architect of Qin ú dynasty, and Han Feizi G ° ° , political thinker - Text: Mainly essays, not dialogues Short paragraphs linked together to form “chapters”
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 2 Key positions: - Xìng è ú °   (inherent dispositions are bad) Not really “bad” but “disorderly” ( lùan ì ) People have no natural tendency to be or become good Need education/training, “models” ( f ǎ ǐ ), teachers, and dedication to the Way
Image of page 2
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 3 - Political philosophy State of nature argument: Government is legitimate because it prevents disorder that is bad for all Traditional political system of the “later kings G ° and the Rú ú legitimate because it achieves political order in most effective way True? Could other systems achieve political order too? Why is “order” ( zhì ì ) more important than other values, such as “justice”? Can’t we seek both?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 4 - Ethics Traditional l ǐ ì rituals/ceremonies of sage kings and Rú ú provide guidelines for proper behavior These guidelines are correct, because part of system of rituals and duties (ú ° ° °) that bring order to society, so society flourishes The system was instituted by the sage kings, who were wise and good, to achieve order ( zhì ì ) Brings order because it “fits” best with the natural world
Image of page 4
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 5 Puts human practices and behavior into alignment (ú ) with the natural world, the natural dào ú Ensures economic success, agricultural success Society first, individuals second - Metaphysics: Role of Tiān ì (heaven) Tiān doesn’t govern or interfere with human society or life Tiān doesn’t “authorize” political system or ethical norms As nature, Tiān determines certain natural patterns Follow success; go against failure
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 6 So ethics and politics are indirectly grounded in Tiān Right ethical norms and political system follow natural patterns and are thereby successful Plausible? Weak version: Right system compatible with nature Strong version: Nature fixes uniquely correct system Xúnzi: Only traditional Rú system meets this condition
Image of page 6
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 7 - Language and logic Logic: Debate with others necessary because the world is in disorder Disorderly statements must be refuted, use of language must be regulated If right people had political power, debate not needed—opponents can just be punished or killed Science: The gentleman is not concerned with why things work, but simply uses natural resources wisely Leave practical investigation to lower- ranking people Control of language is part of political control
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
UGA 2150 Lecture 5 8 Language is used to guide action,
Image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern