UGA 2150 L5 - Xunzi - UGA 2150 Lecture 5 1 Xunzi ( Xnz u )...

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Unformatted text preview: UGA 2150 Lecture 5 1 Xunzi ( Xnz u ) Background- Xn Kang & (ca. 310? to 225? BC) Successful minister Intellectually influential Ji xia Academy & in state of Qi His form of Ru thought influential in Han dynasty- Teacher of Li Si & , political architect of Qin dynasty, and Han Feizi G & & , political thinker - Text: Mainly essays, not dialogues Short paragraphs linked together to form chapters UGA 2150 Lecture 5 2 Key positions: - Xng & (inherent dispositions are bad) Not really bad but disorderly ( lan ) People have no natural tendency to be or become good Need education/training, models ( f ), teachers, and dedication to the Way UGA 2150 Lecture 5 3- Political philosophy State of nature argument: Government is legitimate because it prevents disorder that is bad for all Traditional political system of the later kings G & and the R legitimate because it achieves political order in most effective way True? Could other systems achieve political order too? Why is order ( zh ) more important than other values, such as justice? Cant we seek both? UGA 2150 Lecture 5 4- Ethics Traditional l rituals/ceremonies of sage kings and R provide guidelines for proper behavior These guidelines are correct, because part of system of rituals and duties ( & & &) that bring order to society, so society flourishes The system was instituted by the sage kings, who were wise and good, to achieve order ( zh ) Brings order because it fits best with the natural world UGA 2150 Lecture 5 5 Puts human practices and behavior into alignment ( ) with the natural world, the natural do Ensures economic success, agricultural success Society first, individuals second- Metaphysics: Role of Tin (heaven) Tin doesnt govern or interfere with human society or life Tin doesnt authorize political system or ethical norms As nature, Tin determines certain natural patterns Follow success; go against failure UGA 2150 Lecture 5 6 So ethics and politics are indirectly grounded in Tin Right ethical norms and political system follow natural patterns and are thereby successful Plausible? Weak version: Right system compatible with nature Strong version: Nature fixes uniquely correct system Xnzi: Only traditional R system meets this condition UGA 2150 Lecture 5 7- Language and logic Logic: Debate with others necessary because the world is in disorder Disorderly statements must be refuted, use of language must be regulated If right people had political power, debate not neededopponents can just be punished or killed Science: The gentleman is not concerned with why things work, but simply uses natural resources wisely Leave practical investigation to lower- ranking people Control of language is part of political control UGA 2150 Lecture 5...
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2010 for the course GENERAL ED UGA 2150B taught by Professor Prof.c.fraser during the Spring '07 term at CUHK.

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UGA 2150 L5 - Xunzi - UGA 2150 Lecture 5 1 Xunzi ( Xnz u )...

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