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UGA 2150 L6 - Daodejing - UGA 2150 Lecture 6 1 Loz Dodjng o...

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UGA 2150 Lecture 6 1 L oz ǎ ǐ Dàodéjīng o The L oz ǎ ǐ ǐ ° Myth - GG ° G Sh Jì: ǐ From Ch ǔ ǐ , named h ° , also h ° Minor official in archive Consulted by Confucius about ritual As Zhōu dynasty declined, left the civilized world Northwest gatekeeper asked him to write down his wisdom Historical Evidence - No credible evidence - Fiction? Conflation of different, later historical figures?
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2 The Dàodéjīng h ° ° Text - “Classic of the Way and Virtue” - Traditional view: Earlier than Analects /Lúny ǔ But seems to criticize Confucian and Mohist doctrines - 4 th -3 rd centuries B.C.? - Composite text, formed over many years Collection of short sayings and poems; probably many are simply folk sayings ° ° ° , ( ° m ‰ Those who know do not speak, those who speak do not know” ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ± A journey of a thousand miles begins at one’s feet”
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3 “Chapters” h   often comprise unconnected, sometimes incoherent sayings Use of non-sequitur gù à  ‘ therefore’ Traditionally divided into two parts, h ° and h h But no real organizational scheme - Recent archeological discoveries Tombs of high-ranking officials and their families Social class of readers? Ma Wang Dui h° °   silk manuscripts h ° Gūo Diàn h° bamboo manuscripts h ° Snapshot of textual formation (ca. 300 B.C.)
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4 - Probably 2 nd most translated book (after the Bible)
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5 Aspects of the text - Mysticism Dào as underlying reality not accessible through language Qìgōng à° - Political Political ideals “Scheming methods” - Philosophical Critical response to “activist” ethics, theory of language, and moral psychology of Confucians and Mohists - Ethical
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6 How to live well, in harmony with nature
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7 - Coherence? Probably no single, systematic set of doctrines Inconsistencies: h ° ° °   (having/lacking or being/not-being give rise to each other) vs. l æ m ‰ (having arises from lacking) Interrelated, partly coherent family of views
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8 Basic Motivation - Shared assumption: Natural order, natural way things work - Confucians and Mohists: Activist dào h to achieve order - Criticism What if no dào h   works? What if taking action only disrupts things? Natural order: Four seasons—can’t change If there is a natural order, why do we need to exert effort to follow it?
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