UGA 2150 L8 - Buddhism

UGA 2150 L8 - Buddhism - UGA 2150 Lecture 8 1 Introduction...

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Unformatted text preview: UGA 2150 Lecture 8 1 Introduction to Buddhism n &- Buddha: Siddhrtha Gautama (mid 6 th century B.C.?)- Central issue: Eliminating unnecessary suffering or discontent Life is full of suffering- Distinctive feature of Indian thought Undesirable aspects of the human condition caused by delusion or misunderstanding about nature of reality Correct this delusion and achieve liberation Buddhism: What achieves enlightenment is not the self, since there is no self 2- Key ideas Suffering arises because of frustrated cravings Craving and associated frustration are due to misunderstanding of psychological and metaphysical facts Proper understanding eliminates frustration Proper practice leads to understanding, and thus enlightenment and freedom from suffering 3- The Four Noble Truths u & & Suffering u Craving u (cause of suffering) Elimination of craving u The Eightfold Path u Right understanding, thought, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness and concentration Intellectual and practical Middle path Good conduct: speech, action, livelihood Mental development: effort, mindfulness, concentration 4 Wisdom: understanding, thought- Samsara u & (Cycle of change, birth and death)- Nirvana u&- Dependent origination (causal chains) u&- Karma u Causal basis for suffering: Ones own action determines ones fate - Three features of existence Impermanence ( annica ) u & Suffering ( dukkha ) u No Self ( anatta ) (impersonality) u & 5...
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UGA 2150 L8 - Buddhism - UGA 2150 Lecture 8 1 Introduction...

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