Notes 11-5 - 11-9 - 11/5/07 Roman Constitution Executive...

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11/5/07 Roman Constitution • Executive branch: Consuls (2), praetors, aediles, quaestors Two consuls are very important The rest of the offices were only served for 1 year and once ten years The consuls leads troops, and can summon the senate but had major power Same amount of power, often different tickets, didn’t always didn’t get along (president) Praetors, vice president, more praetors as time goes on, subservient to the consuls Aediles where in charge of the city of Rome its self, they put on the games and the bread and service of Rome Quaestors- treasury of sorts Cursus honorum Course of honors The stepping stones of power, the executive branch positions Councils became a member of the senate, which is a hereditary position which is why the senate became so large • Censors- Census; review of the Senate Trims down the senate, review of the senate, and had ability to impeach members of the senate, for political and personal morality issues Does head count of the Romans once every five years Often they were consuls first • Dictator- times of emergency This guy speaks the law- appointed in times of emergency Master of the house What he says goes… • Senate- Advisory body Not legislative They advise the consul They are the advisory body Advice, what the senate advises is generally what happens, the consul know that he can’t go against the senate very much • Consultum Ultimum Final advice , Marshall law, it gives the consul absolute authority “do what you have to do to restore order” • Legislative: The assemblies; voting by tribe Voted on who what going to be who in the roman chain of command Role changes over time Divided into tribes, vote as a block Similar to the electoral college Roman Society • Patricians vs. plebeians Patricians are the fatherly ones, the original 100 senators, they look out for the best of the republic like a father would Plebeians are the lower class, the rest of the Romans, no money no power • Plebeian secession to the Aventine The plebeians left the society to the outer hill which is the Aventine hill (Remus) Compromised to get the plebeians back • The ten tables (circa 450 BCE) The laws of Rome are posted The priests were only one that knew what they really were Work within the language of the laws Plebeians were at a disadvantage because they didn’t know that the laws s were Notion that has carried on in western civilization The laws should be posted • Tribunes; veto power (c. 450) Giving the plebeians some sort of political role Tribunes represent the lower class of Rome The number of tribunes increased over time Veto- I forbid Catch: one tribune can veto acts of other aspects of roman government but the can also veto each other, it has to be an unanimous vote, this was used to the patrician advantage • Equestrian class (equites); c. 200 increasing power
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course CLAS 220 taught by Professor Freeble during the Fall '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Notes 11-5 - 11-9 - 11/5/07 Roman Constitution Executive...

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