Notes 11-5 11-16 - Classics 220 Notes Rome and Greece 1 November 5 2007*New Spreadsheet available today Pick up paper at Learning Services building

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Classics 220 Notes: Rome and Greece 1 November 5, 2007 *New Spreadsheet available today. Pick up paper at Learning Services building, 2 nd  floor.  Roman Constitution • Executive branch: Consuls (2), praetors, aediles, quaestors -even in the time of Augustus’ there is an attempt of a form for a Roman Republic.  Around 5, 10 bce. They kicked the kings out and decided to make a republican party.  The founding fathers knew their classics and political history of the ancient world. In the  roman republic form of government there is a notion of how things are supposed to  work. You can call this notion a constitution, its not a written document, it changed in  many ways such as the criteria for office. But the basic form of governments stayed the  same for centuries. It consisted of 2 consuls, they were extremely important. You  couldn’t have consecutive years but these rules often broke down. The two consuls  function as general, lead the troops, when in Rome they can summon the Senate. You  can think of the consul as a vice president but the problem with that both the consuls  had equal power; these consuls were often in disagreement.  The Praetors could be  generals all by themselves, number of praetors is variable, and they continue to grow as  time goes on. They are sub serviant to the consuls. Aediles were in charge of the city  itself, popular guys, they were in charge of putting on the big names. A quaestors is  more like a treasurer. •  Cursus honorum - often seen as stepping stones of power. Cursus honorum = course of honor. Romans  liked to take this course, gain power.  • Censors- Census; review of the Senate -The Censor, every 5 years, in charge of doing a census and property, property had to  do a lot with rank and where you were standing. They had the ability to impeach  members of the Senate. There were a lot of personal things that could cause trouble for  the Senate.  • Dictator- times of emergency -The dictator is the guy that speaks, he lays down the law. There is a dictator that is  appointed only in times of crisis, only serve 6 months. Master of the horse is his second  hand man, and they have all the power. They are above the consuls.  • Senate- Advisory body
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Classics 220 Notes: Rome and Greece 2 -The Romans liked to say that the Senate was not an Advisory body. The Roman  Senate said they assemble and advice what to do and the consul goes with it. The  consul knows that they can’t go against the Senate but that changes.  • Consultum Ultimum -If things were really chaotic. Consultum Ultimum = final advice. With the Consultum 
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course CLAS 220 taught by Professor Freeble during the Fall '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Notes 11-5 11-16 - Classics 220 Notes Rome and Greece 1 November 5 2007*New Spreadsheet available today Pick up paper at Learning Services building

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