Psy1-2010-11_Persona - Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Section 11 Personality Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material These files contain most but

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1 ** Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material ** These files contain most, but not all, overhead material presented in lecture (e.g., some material may be altered or addedinlasminute changes) added in last-minute changes). The best use of these file is to print them out and take notes on them during lectures. Æ WARNING: Perfect knowledge of this material will not guarantee an A in the course. Important details will be presented in lectures but are not in these pdf files. Thus, it is very important that you attend lecture and discussion sections. Topic 8: Personality 1) Introduction & History 2) Research Methods 3) Biological Foundations 4) Brain & Consciousness 5) Sensation & Perception 6) Learning & Reward • What makes us unique as individuals? • What makes us behave and think as d 7) Cognitive Psychology 8) Intelligence & Reasoning 9) Motivation 10) Emotion 11) Personality we do? • Why do people react differently to the same situation? Personality Psychology is the Study of “Individual Differences” Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Section 11: Personality
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2 How Do Psychologists Study Personality? You as a person… •Y o u r personality is the relatively consistent patterns of thoughts, motivations, emotions and behavior that characterize you as a unique individual. Traits… • Enduring characteristics or dispositions that occur frequently in various situations. States… • Specific dispositions or feelings triggered by situations Trait=aggressiveness Æ State=hostility Theories of Personality: How Do We Become the Person We Are? Genetics Personality Biology Motivation Culture Environment Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Section 11: Personality
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3 Genetic Influences on Personality • 123 pairs of identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins • Measured on personality dimensions • Results suggest that personality differences in the population are 40 - 50% genetically determined. Genetic Influences on Personality • Gerald Levey (left) & Mark Newman (right), twins separated at birth, raised in different cites first met at age different cites, first met at age 31. • Both volunteer firefighters, mustache, unmarried, liked to hunt, liked old John Wayne westerns, ate Chinese food. • Other quirky similarities: body position, hand grasps (finger curled under beer can). • Likely that genetics contributed to some but not all similarities. Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Section 11: Personality
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4 Gene Expression & Brain Activation Hariri et al (2002) • Serotonin Gene Expression ¾ long “l” vs short “s” allele ¾ Allele gene variations (ll/sl/ss) H ll l l d ¾ Homozygous ss allele related to anxiety & depressive symptoms ¾ Rats and humans exhibit increased activity in amygdala when anxious or stressed. Right amygdala more active in ss individuals vs ll individuals Freud’s Theory of Personality • Father of clinical psychology & psychotherapy : medical treatment of psychological disorders.
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Arthurshimamura during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psy1-2010-11_Persona - Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Section 11 Personality Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material These files contain most but

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