Psy1-2010-13_Social - Spring 2010 Psychology 1 13: Social...

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1 ** Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material ** These files contain most, but not all, overhead material presented in lecture (e.g., some material may be altered or added in last-minute changes). The best use of these file is to print them out and take notes on them during lectures. Æ WARNING: Perfect knowledge of this material will not guarantee an A in the course. Important details will be presented in lectures but are not in these pdf files. Thus, it is very important that you attend lecture and discussion sections. 1) Introduction & History 2) Research Methods 3) Biological Foundations 4) Brain & Consciousness 5) Sensation & Perception 6) Learning & Reward Topic 13: Social Psychology Social Cognition: How do we perceive ourselves and others? 7) Cognitive Psychology 8) Intelligence & Reasoning 9) Motivation 10) Emotion 11) Personality Renoir: Luncheon at the Boathouse Attitude Formation: How do we form beliefs and attitudes about other people? Group Dynamics: How do our behaviors change in different group settings? Social Psychology is the Study of Behavior in Groups and Interpersonal Relationships Spring 2010 Psychology 1 13: Social Psychology
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2 Social Cognition: How Do We Perceive Ourselves and Others? • Attributing beliefs about others based on thoughts and expectations • A Social Problem: Based on limited information, we make inferences about people. .. which may or may not be correct. ¾ First impressions! Attractive…? Friendly…? High status…? Weird…? Biases in Forming Impressions ¾ Attractiveness bias Att ti l i d i t lli t t t Attractive people are viewed as more intelligent, competent, sociable than less attractive people. What is the basis of attractiveness? Attractiveness & Beauty • What determines facial attractiveness? Ah i l Are there universals? ± symmetry ± baby face ± “average” faces Why. ..? Unattractive Attractive Average Spring 2010 Psychology 1 13: Social Psychology
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3 Person Schema Bias: Quick Impressions Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993 • Harvard students shown 30-sec video clip of a graduate student giving a lecture ¾ No sound, no verbal content ¾ Students rated lecturer on competency, confidence, acceptance ¾ Students ratings highly correlated (.76) with end-of-semester ratings! • Replication study with high school teachers ¾ High correlation with 6-sec clip The Fundamental Attribution Error When we observe someone else’s behavior, we attribute that person’s behavior a personality trait ( person bias) . When we consider our own behavior , we attribute our behavior to the situation ( situation bias) . When Evaluating People Beware of Person Bias Don’t assume that someone else’s behavior is indicative of a personality trait. Maybe it’s situational. .. Spring 2010 Psychology 1 13: Social Psychology
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4 Person Bias Varies Across Cultures • Individuals from U.S. and India asked to think of a person’s behavior and explain why the d h (Mill person acted that way (Miller, 1984).
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Psy1-2010-13_Social - Spring 2010 Psychology 1 13: Social...

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