1SoeMya SoeProf. Laura WagnerEnglish 101April 25, 2019Effect of Past in the FutureTom Stoppard introduced the theory of time throughout the play “Arcadia”. He sets the scenes by transporting the two different eras back and forth. The characters from two different time periods in the same setting are not aware of each other’s action, but the audience has more information from the two different scenes, this draws the attention of the readers and allowing them to think the future is already planned for everyone or that depends on conditions and men’s manner. He expresses time as a form of energy like heat energy and it goes only in one direction-from hot to cold. The idea behind it is time cannot go in the opposite direction. If something unpleasant or disorder happened in the past, people must deal with it because there is nothing humans can only go with the flow of time: “time must needs run backward, and since it will not, we must stir our way onwards mixing as we go, disorder out of disorder into disorder until pink is complete, unchanging and unchangeable, and we are done with it for ever”(5). The central point about time that the author aims to convey is even though the past is unchangeable and havean influence on future and events, men also have his control over his own destiny through his “free will” and self-determination”. “Arcadia” expresses this theory of time creatively using metaphors and manipulation of words. Although this is a smart way of men’s relationship to time, there are unclear meaning which could have been clarified with direct language.