Psy1_StudyGuide_Sec6 - unconditioned and conditioned...

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Spring 2010 Psychology 1 Set 2 Study Guide Don’t forget to bring a SCANTRON form (Red Form No. F-288) and pencil to the exam Set 2 Study Guide, Page 2 Exam 2: Tuesday, April 6 Exam 2 will consist of 50 multiple-choice questions and cover lecture material from Feb 18 to Mar 30 and Chapters 5 -10. This study guide and the others in this section will help you study for Exam 2 and the Final. You will need a SCANTRON form (Red Form No. F-288) and pencil for the exam. Topic 6: Learning: Basic Mechanisms I. You should be able to provide a 2-3 sentence description from memory of the following terms: generalization mirror neurons Garcia Effect behavior modification fear conditioning sensitization II. You should be able to write a 1-page essay from memory for each of these study questions. 1. Describe the differences between behavioral, ethological, and cognitive perspectives on basic learning principles. 2. Describe the method for establishing classical conditioning. In your answer, define the
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Unformatted text preview: unconditioned and conditioned stimulus and unconditioned and conditioned response. Also describe the terms: acquisition, extinction, and spontaneous recovery. 3. Describe the similarities and differences between classical conditioning, Thorndikes law of effect, and Skinners operant learning. In your answer, be sure to include the concepts of reinforcement, habituation, operant conditioning, and shaping. 4. Define positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. In addition, describe the various schedules of reinforcementsuch as full vs partial, fixed vs random, interval vs ratio schedules. How efficient are these schedules? 5. Describe how basic learning effects in humans can help in treating phobias and drug addiction. 6. Describe ethological approaches, such as those by Lorenz and Tinbergen, in studies of behavior....
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