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MT 203 Unit 6 Chapter 12

MT 203 Unit 6 Chapter 12 - chapter 12 Safety and Health...

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chapter PART 4 Implementing Compensation and Security 507 Safety and Health 12 Summarize the general provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). After studying this chapter, you should be able to Describe what management can do to create a safe work environment. Identify the measures that should be taken to control and eliminate health hazards. Describe the organizational services and programs for building better health. Explain the role of employee assistance programs in HRM. Indicate methods for coping with stress. objective 1 1 objective 2 2 objective 3 3 objective 4 4 objective 5 5 objective 6 6
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ccupational safety and health accidents are both numerous and costly to employers. As one important example, workplace violence data show that more than 2 million nonfatal workplace violence incidents are reported annually in the form of assaults, robberies, thefts, hostage takings, hijackings, rapes, and sexual attacks. 1 Additionally, some 13,000 acts of domestic-related violence against women occur in the workplace annually. It is projected that employees miss 175,000 days of work per year due to domestic violence, costing employers between $3 billion and $5 billion yearly in lost productivity, greater absenteeism, and increased healthcare costs. 2 To prevent losses such as these, employers are concerned about limiting violence in the workplace along with providing working conditions—in all areas of employment—that provide for the safety and health of their employees. While the laws safeguarding employees’ physical and emotional well-being are certainly an incentive, many employers are motivated to provide desirable working conditions by virtue of their sensitivity to human needs and rights. The more cost-oriented employer recognizes the importance of avoiding accidents and illnesses wherever possible. Costs associated with sick leave, disability payments, replacement of employees who are injured or killed, and workers’ compensation far exceed the costs of maintaining a safety and health program. A recent study conducted by Liberty Mutual found that employers saved $3 for each $1 invested in workplace safety. 3 Accidents and illnesses attributable to the workplace may also have pronounced effects on employee morale and on the goodwill that the organization enjoys in the community and in the business world. Managers at all levels are expected to know and enforce safety and health stan- dards throughout the organization. They must ensure a work environment that pro- tects employees from physical hazards, unhealthy conditions, and unsafe acts of other personnel. Through effective safety and health programs, the physical and emotional well-being of employees may be preserved and even enhanced.
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