Topic 1 Part C - Carbon Chemistry S10 1pp

Topic 1 Part C - Carbon Chemistry S10 1pp - TOPIC 1 Part C...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
TOPIC 1 - Part C The Nature of Molecules Carbon (Organic) Chemistry Chapter 4
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
OBJECTIVES You should be able to: Explain how carbon’s electron configuration explains its ability to form large, complex, diverse organic molecules Describe how carbon skeletons may vary and explain how this variation contributes to the diversity and complexity of organic molecules Distinguish among the three types of isomers: structural, geometric, and enantiomer Name the major functional groups found in organic molecules; describe the basic structure of each functional group and outline the chemical properties of the organic molecules in which they occur Explain how ATP functions as the primary energy transfer molecule in living cells
Background image of page 2
KEY WORDS AND PHRASES • Organic chemistry; covalent bonds; Carbon; carbon skeleton; hydrocarbons • Isomers; structural isomers; geometric isomers; enantiomers • Functional groups; hydroxyl group; carbonyl group; carboxyl group; amino group; sulfhydryl group; phosphate group; methyl group • Adenosine triphosphate (ATP); adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Carbon Chemistry Cells are 70–95% water Rest consists mostly of carbon-based compounds No other atom can form so many large, complex, and diverse molecules Proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules that distinguish living matter all composed of carbon compounds Organic chemistry = study of compounds that contain carbon Organic compounds - simple molecules to colossal ones Most organic compounds contain H atoms in addition to carbon atoms
Background image of page 4
Carbon Atoms • Electron configuration is the key to an atom’s characteristics – determines the kinds and number of bonds an atom will form with other atoms • With four valence electrons, carbon can form four covalent bonds with a variety of atoms
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 23

Topic 1 Part C - Carbon Chemistry S10 1pp - TOPIC 1 Part C...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online