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History - HIST 2002 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE 4:30 TERMS...

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HIST 2002 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE 4:30 TERMS Prague Spring WHEN: Jan 5, 1968 WHERE: Czechoslovakia WHAT: period of political liberalization to grant partial decentralization of the economy and democratization Soviets did not like the reforms and invaded Period of normalization was entered after invasion to return things to normal KOR WHEN:1976 WHAT: Committee for Defense of Worker’s - group of lawyers Polish civil society that emerged under communist rule to give aid to prisoners detained after labor strikes/unrest - 1976 Inspiration to efforts of Solidarity 1 st major Anti-communist civic group Succeeded – polish gov’t declared amnesty for jailed strikers in spring of 1977 Was an important force in bringing down communism in Poland Lawyers are not all of society -> when they start to protect the workers -> alliance with the rest of the people = helps lay ground work for emergence of solidarity in 1980 WHERE: Poland WHO: intellecluatas and lawyers DeStalinization WHEN: 1953 WHERE: Soviet Union WHAT: emergence of a trend for reform of Stalin’s systems System became easy to reform after he died because he was not there to execute People wanted normalization Elites wanted relaxation of police controls Ended to forced labor WHO: Khrushchev – used destalinization politically against enemies and eventually rose to power Goulash Communism WHEN: 1970s WHERE: Hungary, CEE, Poland WHAT: the variety of communist economic development
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Not strictly old statlinist model Economic reform -> 60s in Hungary (new economic mechanism) encourage effiencienty in factories, prices reflected actual prices Western credits/loans to finance the economy and standard of living -> invest in products for western markets Failed in Poland – all went into debt Elements of free marked and improved human rights – represented a quiet reform and deviation from the purely communist principles These were things that other communist countries did not have Glasnost WHEN: mid 1980s WHERE: Soviet Union WHAT: lifted cenensorship “intellectual openness”- policy of maximal publicity, openness, and transparency in the activities of all gov’t institutions in the soviet union Revoked Brezhnev Doctrine’s insistence on single- party socialist gov’t Mobilize public opinion in support reform in order to over come its opponents This was to help reduce corruption at the tope of the Communist Party and moderate the abuse of administrative power in the Central Committee Less censorship and greater political freedom Chernobyl – april 28, 1986 Nuclear disaster Was kept secret until radioactive cloud passes over other countries Forced into openness Restructuring Acceleration not working Start allowing private enterprise
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