GPSYC3210 - Memory operates through 5 basic steps 1)...

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Memory operates through 5 basic steps 1) Sensation – sense the information 2) Attention – selecting relevant info for further processing (block everything else) 3) Encoding – place selected info into the system a. Structural – shallowest level of encoding what something looks like (is the word in all caps?) b. Phonemic encoding – a little more work (ex. Does it rhyme with ____) c. Semantic Encoding – hardest (easiest to remember) ex. Does this word fit into the sentence 4) Storage – placing the info into (LTM?) a. Most likely to remember 5) Retrieval – get relevant info from storage & make available Storage (Atkinson/Shiffrin Model) Sensory Memory/Sensory Register a. Everything you sense goes into this b. Brief Duration (1/4 1/2 sec) c. Precategorical (uniterpreted stimuli) Short-term Memory a. Limited duration (3-20 sec) as long as you don’t do anything to it b. Limited capacity – only ~7 chunks of info i. Chunk: meaningful bits of info c. Strategies (doing something)
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GPSYC3210 - Memory operates through 5 basic steps 1)...

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