Ch 4-15 PSYC 250

Ch 4-15 PSYC 250 - Fear = An emotional response to a...

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Fear = An emotional response to a serious threat to one’s well being. The Central Nervous System’s physiological response to a state of alarm Anxiety = An emotional and physiological response which could be described as a vague sense of being in danger Stress = An event that creates a sense of threat by confronting a person with a demand or opportunity for change of some kind. Stress Reaction = a person’s particular reaction to stress Trait Anxiety = The general level of anxiety a person brings to the events in their lives Situational (State) Anxiety = The variations and differences in the anxiety provoking situation Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Free Floating Anxiety) Persistent and excessive feelings of anxiety and worry about numerous events and activities. Agoraphobia Fear of leaving the house and traveling to public places. Social Phobia A severe, persistent and unreasonable fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur Specific Phobia A persistent fear of a specific object or situation. (Animals, insects, heights, enclosed spaces or thunderstorms most common)
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Panic Attack Anyone can react with panic when a real threat suddenly emerges. A panic attack is a periodic short bout of panic that occurs suddently and reaches a peak within 10 minutes. May be associated with other diagnoses. Panic Disorder Repeated, unpredictable panic attacks which have no apparent reason or cause. This disorder is diagnosed if behavior changes dysfunctionally for a month or more following the person’s panic attacks. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder A disorder in which a person has recurrent and unwanted thoughts and/or a need to perform repetitive and rigid actions or mental acts. Promising Treatments Habituation Training – therapist calls forth patients obsessive thoughts again and again. Behavioral treatment in which patient is exposed to anxiety provoking situation and then prevented from performing their compulsive acts. Stress Disorder Diagnosis is acute disorder if symptoms are experienced within 4 weeks of the event. Diagnosis is PTSD if symptoms continue longer than one month. Symptoms are the same if acute or delayed. They include: re-experiencing, avoidance, reduced responsiveness, dissociation, agitation, arousal, anxiety, guilt. Ex. Combat (nostalgia, shell shock, combat fatigue) Disasters (DRN) Victimization and Abuse (Rape, Family violence) Treatment of Social Phobia “Exposure Techniques”
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The therapist guides, encourages and persuades the client to expose themselves to dreaded social situations and to remain until their fear subsides . Usually exposure is gradual and often the approach includes homework assignments. The majority of clinician’s rely on psychotherapeutic, not medication, approaches.
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Ch 4-15 PSYC 250 - Fear = An emotional response to a...

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