AMST_101_MIDTERM_STUDY GUIDE_1

AMST_101_MIDTERM_STUDY GUIDE_1 - Americanization A process...

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Americanization: A process by which immigrants become assimilated into American life and culture. Americans believed that the only way to make Mexico a powerful nation was to “erase” their indigenous past. Thus, Mexican culture in the U.S. gradually changed and still does (to this day) change. Projects such as the California Home Teacher Act of 1915 were set in motion to help Mexican immigrants adapt to the “American” way of life. The Home Teacher Act, granted individuals the right to enter immigrant homes and workplaces to teach them how to be more “American.” One important part of Americanization was preparing to work hard; thus, Americans strived to make immigrants enjoy work. Takao Ozawa : In 1922, Takao Ozawa filed for U.S. citizenship under the Naturalization Act of 1906 which allowed Caucasians and African American to naturalize. Ozawa did not challenge the constitutionality of the racial restriction but instead, attempted to have the Japanese classified as “white.” Unfortunate for Ozawa, The court ruled that only Caucasians were white and therefore, the Japanese community were member of an “unassimilable race.” Ozawa had established himself in his Californian community and in addition, he was well educated, sent his children to American schools and churches, spoke English at home, and had married someone who was educated in American school. Yet, despite Ozawa’s genuine character, Ozawa race was the only factor that determined his citizenship. Native Vs. Alien: With immigrants were coming to America in large numbers, a crucial debate about who gets to be/is considered to be “American” began. Native people were not given power; in fact, even though they were technically natives, they were still considered to be aliens. It soon became clear that in order to become a U.S. citizen, you had to be a free white male.
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AMST_101_MIDTERM_STUDY GUIDE_1 - Americanization A process...

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