AMST_final exam key terms-1

AMST_final exam key terms-1 - 1. 1965 Hart-Cellar...

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1. 1965 Hart-Cellar Immigration Act: This Act established the foundation of today’s immigration law. It abolished the national origins quote system and gave preference to the relatives of US citizens and permanent resident aliens and those with special job skills. The act emphasized family reunification for wives, children, parents, etc who wanted to come to America. Family would be prioritized, and because of this procedure, most immigrants came from Lain America and Asia. Families used this family priority to bring people to America. Abolished the previous immigration act (1924) that had set quotas of immigration based on current immigration population in the U.S. The Hart Cellar Immigration Act in 1965 set an equal quota for every country. This was an attempt to maintain "equality", but was not helpful because the demand to immigrate to the U.S. was different in different countries. For example, the demand from Europe was much lower than the demand from Mexico and other Latin American countries. Aside from the quota limits, the Hart Cellar Immigration Act allowed people to come into the United States based on special skills (eg. software engineers). It also allowed people to bypass quotas on the basis of family reunification. This led to more illegal immigration from Mexico and Latin America. This act contributes to the ongoing immigration debate on whom and how many are allowed into the United States. It signifies that there is a changing mentality concerning immigration; people were trying to make it more equal. But because it led more illegal immigration, illegal immigration continues to be a problem that people are trying to solve. Significance to LA- transnational motherhood, Asian/Indian immigration increase to America, Globalization, Domestic work 2. Transnational Motherhood This term refers to Latina immigrant women who serve as nannies or housekeepers and reside in Los Angeles while their children remain in their country of origin. These women often become emotionally anchored to their jobs, “for nanny/housekeepers who are transnational mothers, the loving daily care that they cannot give their own children is sometimes transferred to the employer’s children” (Domestica 152). However, for many they must try to moderate the love for the children because their jobs could end abruptly at any moment. This started before the 1965 Hart Cellar Immigration Act, so these families were only able to send one person across the border. This helped solidify the stereotype that the majority of working nannies were Latina immigrants. Domestic workers from Mexico and Latin America come to the United States to work as
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AMST_final exam key terms-1 - 1. 1965 Hart-Cellar...

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