AMST_final exam key terms-3

AMST_final exam key terms-3 - 10. Deindustri a l...

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10. Deindustrialization—time period? Definition: Deindustrialization is a process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry. Deindustrialization in the 1960’s to the 1970’s in post WW2 Los Angeles served to further the economic instability of minorities in central city neighborhoods, especially Blacks and Latinos. The exodus of major employers such as General Motors and airplane manufacturing plants, which had once employed thousands of unskilled minority laborers, brought about a long-lasting economic downturn for workers in these areas, with an emphasis on young Black males. The relocation of firms such as Northrop, Rockwell, and Hughes Aircraft to areas outside LA County greatly affected Black men’s participation in the job market. Needless to say, the closing of manufacturing plants also meant the elimination of an important source of work for less-educated Blacks who historically had found jobs in, or related to, these manufacturing plants. According to Costa Vargas in his dissertation of on the meaning of Blackness as that of isolation and exclusion, this economic downturn led to the development of gangs, the widespread hatred of Blacks towards Latinos, especially Latino immigrants, and the polarization of Black incomes to extremes of wealth and poverty. The significance of deindustrialization in Los Angeles County arises in its reduction of economic opportunity for Blacks in Los Angeles, and the movement of the job market from an industrial unskilled labor force to a service-based labor force. These occurrences have fostered widespread employment of illegal immigrant Latino workers and increasing exclusion of Blacks from job opportunities. Deindustrialization hit Los Angeles in the 1970s and 1980s and closed all the high-paying industrial jobs that were open to Latinos and Blacks70,000 people were laid off during years of 1978 and 1982. Hurt the African-
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2010 for the course -2 20101 taught by Professor Georgesanchez during the Spring '10 term at USC.

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AMST_final exam key terms-3 - 10. Deindustri a l...

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