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AMST_final exam key terms-7

AMST_final exam key terms-7 - 25 Ridgewood as a Global...

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25. Ridgewood as a Global Suburb From Kristen Hill Maher's piece "Borders and Social Distinction" Ridgewood is a largely white, middle-class neighborhood in Irvine that depends heavily on working-class immigrant Latinos for household services. Analysis of the way that Ridgewood has created social distinction in the neighborhood between races and classes illustrates what can be expected of other global suburbs. Ridgewood marks social distinction in the following ways: putting crime into community discourse, when in fact the area has an extremely low crime rate; physically creating a barrier by privatizing and gating the community, which also leads to exclusivity and higher real estate prices; regulations aimed at maintaining whiteness, such as prohibiting the hanging of laundry on clotheslines or parking of pickup trucks in the front of houses; and informal social regulations to distinguish workers from residents. Ridgewood is a mostly white suburb, made with the intention of designing a neighborhood that was not like L.A., believing represents everything wrong with society. There are strict housing regulations (such as no basketball courts, no painting houses without prior approval, etc.) and the layout is very organized, almost repetitive. Ridgewood, despite its obvious disapproval of Latino residents, ironically must depend on Mexican and other immigrant labor from neighboring areas. The immigrant population in nearby Santa Ana is crucial for upkeep and domestic roles in the Ridgewood community, but these immigrants are severely restricted to fulfilling these roles while in Ridgewood. It is not uncommon for Latinos to be questioned while walking down the streets or in the parks and verified that they are in fact residents. Ridgewood is very conservative and holds a firm anti-immigration stance, regardless of the necessity of minorities to maintain their lifestyle. Ridgewood is important to race and class in Los Angeles in that it: Showcases some social back-tracking, with a neighborhood that is essentially segregated and primarily white, disapproving of immigrants and minorities in their area. Rather than continuing the progressive trends highlighted by the Civil Rights Act of 1965, Ridgewood is reverting back to white superiority and separation. Helps highlight the disparity of the situation in Los Angeles in modern times, so dismal that entire communities are being built in the surrounding area that strive to be everything Los Angeles is not.
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