AMST_final exam key terms-8

AMST_final exam key terms-8 - 29 Meaning of...

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29. Meaning of Blackness (Vargas) “Clashing notions about politics, public space, and social mores become expressed in vehement ways that would perhaps not be as intense were it not for forced proximity. The social dynamic of south Central Los Angeles revolve around conflicting, necessarily class- related worldviews that defined how the inner city is experienced. Blackness in this context is a matter of consensus and conflict, solidarity and stratification, mutual recognition and mutual recrimination (pg.17). Blackness as Exclusion and Isolation : The tenement and dwellers, political activists, and artists whose versions of blackness shape this study themselves been shaped by macro social forces – by residential segregation, employment discrimination, educational inequality, police brutality, environmental racism, and the disproportionate effects of economic restructuring and deindustrialization on communities of color. Patterns of residential segregation amplify the effects of unemployment and block social mobility among the large majority of blacks. Blackness as Sorrow And Solidarity : ‘Every time the moon is like that, I tell my kids that’s where their brother is with the stars and angels, way up in the sky.”(pg.63) The circles of solidarity that these women forged to combat the circles of sorrow in their lives inevitably took on racial dimensions. Because race did so much to determine where they lived, what jobs they could hold, how the police treated them, and what kinds of health care, transportation, and education they received, it made sense to them to build solidarity along racial lines, to turn segregation into congregation. (pg. 65) Black women living in poverty perceived that richer Blacks lacked what they considered to be one of the Black condition’s central defining traits: the solidarity and friendship without which their struggles would have been unbearable (pg. 83). Blackness as Liability and Powerlessness : Vargas mentioned how “the social workers had escalated their demands” on his Black women neighbors who were on welfare. And said that “Their stance reflected the cuts in benefits for the impoverished approved by the California legislature and Gov. Pete Wilson in august 1995, which in turn received legitimacy from the welfare “reform” law that President William Clinton signed on August 22, 1996.” (pg. 88). Pressured by the police, welfare policies, rehabilitation clinics, immigration, labor shortages, and a tight housing market, the community of struggle founded on mutual recognition and solidarity did not resist. The Black women who valiantly refused to accept their objectification as irrelevant by-products of a political system that is
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irremediably “imperialist white supremacist capitalist patriarchal,” in the end succumbed to it (pg. 107). Blackness as Mobilization and Movement
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2010 for the course -2 20101 taught by Professor Georgesanchez during the Spring '10 term at USC.

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AMST_final exam key terms-8 - 29 Meaning of...

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