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12 Intelligence_1

12 Intelligence_1 - Intelligence Defined The capacity to...

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Unformatted text preview: Intelligence: Defined The capacity to learn and use the skills required for successful adaptation to the demands of one's culture and environment g vs. multiple abilities Intelligence: Measured WISCIII: Verbal definitions Arranging blocks Picture arrangements What's missing? Arithmetic Similarities Digit span Intelligence: Normal Curve Intelligence Intelligence: Racial Differences in America Intelligence: Are Tests Culturally Biased? Biased Items? Intelligence: Are Tests Culturally Biased? Biased Items? Raven Progressive Matrices Test Intelligence: Raven Progressive Matrices Test Intelligence: Are Tests Culturally Biased? Biased Items? Raven Progressive Matrices Test Test anxiety? Intelligence: Race and Socioeconomic Status (SES) AfricanAmerican (& Hispanic American) children three times as likely to live in low income families as EuropeanAmerican Intelligence: Socioeconomic Status (SES) Low SES leaves children at risk for: undernourishment psychological distress poor parental education Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Subscale 1. Emotional and verbal responsivity of parent 2. Avoidance of restriction and punishment 3. Organization of physical and temporal environment 4. Provision of appropriate play materials 5. Parental involvement with child 6. Opportunities for variety in daily stimulation Sample Items Parent responds verbally to child's vocalizations Parent's speech is distinct, clear, and audible Parent caresses or kisses child at least once Parent neither slaps nor spanks child during visit Parent does not scold or criticize during visit Parent does not interfere with or restrict child more than three times during visit Child gets out of house at least four times a week Child's play environment is safe Child has a push or pull toy Parent provides learning facilitators appropriate to age: mobile, table and chairs, playpen, etc. Parent talks to child while doing household work Parent structures child's play periods Father provides some care daily Child has three or more books of her or his own Intelligence: BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Study of low birthweight babies IQ measured at 5 years of age BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 17.8 8.5 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income 3. mother's education, verbal ability, & number of parents in home Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 17.8 8.5 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income 3. mother's education, verbal ability, & number of parents in home Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 17.8 8.5 7.8 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income 3. mother's education, verbal ability, & number of parents in home 4. HOME environment score Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 17.8 8.5 7.8 BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Analysis performed Actual difference After adjusting for racial differences in: 1. background variables 2. family/neighborhood income 3. mother's education, verbal ability, & number of parents in home 4. HOME environment score Ethnic difference in IQ 18.1 17.8 8.5 7.8 3.4 Intelligence: BrooksGunn et al., 1994 Transracial Adoption Study (Scarr & Weinberg, 1983) 100 families Black children adopted by more educated White families Parental years of education biological Black mothers: 11 years adopted White mothers: 15 years Transracial Adoption Study (Scarr & Weinberg, 1983) IQ at 7 Biological Whites Adopted Blacks 116 106 Transracial Adoption Study (Scarr & Weinberg, 1983) IQ at 7 Biological Whites Adopted Blacks Adopted prior to 1 116 106 110 video: Cultural Effects on Learning Intelligence: Racial Differences in America ...
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