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ASSIGNMENT ! - Capital punishment is often associated with...

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Capital punishment is often associated with deterrence; however, the notion that capital punishment deters crime has been widely researched and may researchers believe that capital punishment does not deter crime. In fact, it may be possible that capital punishment does the complete opposite of what it was intended to do. I will begin by giving a brief history on capital punishment and will proceed by detailing why capital punishment should be re-evaluated. All through most of the United States history, the number of death sentences and executions has always been small when compared with the number of murders. This was due to the fact that individuals convicted of murder were rarely executed. However, the execution number quickly peaked and reached a record high in 1930. According to Costanzo and White(1994), there are now more than 2800 convicted prisoners on death row- more than at any time in the United States history. They also asserted that nearly 250 people are added to death row each year. There also seems to be considerable support for capital punishment by the public. More than 70% of Americans say that they favor some form of capital punishment. It is important to note that although many favor capital punishment, there are people who strongly oppose capital punishment. Many people who oppose capital punishment do so because of their concern about how it is administered and practiced. These people show a significant lack of confidence in the death penalty system. This concerns roots from the notion that capital punishment may not be applied fairly and with due care and integrity (Vollum, Longmire and Vollum, 2004). Additionally, researchers have questioned the reasoning behind the support for capital punishment in people of different races, socio-economic statuses, gender and many other things that may play a role in their decision to support capital punishment (Hood, 2000).
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Researchers also insinuated that many people do not support the capital punishment; instead they are merely accepting the idea. They are noting that there is a difference between accepting something and supporting something. They also realized that 9% of the people that are in favor of capital punishment changed their response when presented with alternatives to capital punishment. Additionally, it was implicated that women are more likely to reject the idea of capital punishment than are men (Sandys and McGarrell, 1995). It is very important to discover why people support capital punishment. There are many things that can influence one’s decision to support capital punishment. The first being race. It has been researched and determined that race has a strong influence on a person’s decision concerning capital punishment. The next thing would be political orientation; this also has an
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2010 for the course MECH 310 taught by Professor Zhou during the Spring '10 term at Acadia.

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ASSIGNMENT ! - Capital punishment is often associated with...

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