EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review

EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review - EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review Quiz will...

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EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review Quiz will cover until the unification of the Empire (beginning of Imperial China)… Chaper 1-3, lectures and readings. (Chapter 3 until Qin) Chapter 1 Neolithic cultures Fossil teeth discovered in Yunnan province in 1965 indicate that a humanoid may have lived in southwestern China around 1 million years ago and had the use of fire. Ample archaeological data evidence for a humanoid known as Peking man, whose remains are found not far from modern Beijing. o Proto human who used fire and worked with falked and pebble stone tools. However, much of the precursors of Chinese civilizations can be found at looking at Neolithic cultures. One such culture is Yangshao , a culture in the north, which is located on fertile ground. o Sites such as Banpo near present Xian in Shaanxi Province reveal that the Yangshao people lived in small villages, practiced agriculture, raised pigs, made painted pottery, and buried their dead in a special burial ground. o Main sustenance is millet, a staple of diet of North Chinese. o Emphasis on growing grain crops with small animals like the pig (and later the chicken) to supplement the diet…the basis of agricultural technology that provided the economic foundations of the Chinese civilization. o Southern and Northern cultures shared a general Neolithic technology, but had distrinctive artifacs, ornaments, burial practices and styles of pottery varying in shape, color and decoration. o The Yangshao had painted pottery with symmetrical abstract deisngs, although fish and human faces also appear. Other Neolithic settlements are also usually located on high ground near a stream, close enough to use water but safe from flooding. o Yellow River gets its name from the fertile “loess” carried in its waters. Interchange amongst the various cultures accelerated after around 4000 BC forming the “interaction sphere” (KC Chang), although the various cultures were becoming increasingly complex. The Longshan cultures of North China shared technological developments as building walls of stamped earth, and used potter’s wheel and improved high temperature kilns in which to produce predominantly undecorated grey ware. Also had a common set of beliefs, such as practice of scapulimancy, divination by applying heat to animal bones ( oracle bones) and interpreting the resulting cracks.
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There is also evidence of metallurgy in Longshan cultures, but not as much as the Erlitou culture. Bronze Age The Shang Dynasty (1500-1045 B.C.E) and the Western Zhou (1055-771 B.C.E.) was characterized by the formation of cities, the invention of writing (!2 century B.C.2), occupational specialization, and social stratification. o
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2010 for the course EAST 212 taught by Professor Adriennehurley during the Spring '09 term at McGill.

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EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review - EAST 211 Quiz 1 Review Quiz will...

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