Art History Midterm review Final

Art History Midterm review Final - Art History Mid-Term...

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Unformatted text preview: Art History Mid-Term Review “Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata” by Donatello (1445-50) “Equestrian Monument of Colleoni” by Verrochio (1483-88) These are 2 equestrian monuments that represent the 1 st half and the 2 nd half of the Renaissance period. One is the “Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata” by Donatello (1450 and the other is the “Equestrian Monument of Colleoni” by Verrochio (1485). Both of these monuments are of deceased military heroes and are located on high pedestals outside major churches. Additionally, they are both equestrian monuments cast in bronze. However, Donatello’s “Gattamelata” is the first one cast in bronze since Antiquity. At first glance they may seem identical, however upon closer examination differences are noticeable. “Gattamelata” is in a closed and rigid pose, whereas “Colleoni” is in motion (which is characteristic of monuments in the 2 nd half of the Renaissance). We see that the soldier’s body and head in Verrochio’s monument are turned as though he is actually riding the horse. The skin of the horse in Donatello’s monument is thick and smooth (almost like that of an elephant’s), whereas in Verocchio’s monument, the horse’s skin is more naturalistic. We can see some anatomical details such as the muscles and veins of the horse. Also, the face of the soldier in “Gattamelata” appears to be a generic, rugged face without a great amount of expression. Verocchio creates the face of his solder to appear rough and rugged, however he makes it more naturalistic by including features such as bags underneath his eyes and wrinkles on his skin. “The Tribute Money” “Merode Altarpiece” The two works shown are “The Tribute Money” by Masaccio (1426) and the “Merode Altarpiece” by Campin (1425). Both of these works represent the 2 schools of the Renaissance; the Late Gothic of the North, and the Early Renaissance of the south. The theme of Masaccio’s painting is the life of Peter as seen from the Gospels. The theme of Campin’s is seen in the Gospels as well, but is the Enunciation. There are 3 ways that artists use to create space: chiaroscuro, scientific perspective, and aerial perspective. Masaccio creates space by using aerial perspective; he incorporates mountains in the background that look like they are fading. We notice that Campin fails to create space in his altarpiece because the buildings in the distance are too clear. In Masaccio’s painting, the figures have rounded edges, chiaroscuro, highlights, and are modeled to create a 3- dimentional effect. The folds in their clothing are flowing and smooth, unlike in the dimentional effect....
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Art History Midterm review Final - Art History Mid-Term...

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